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International Tribunal to Prosecute Crimes Against Humanity Notes

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Forty-fourth session (1994)
*
General recommendation XVIII on the establishment of an international
tribunal to prosecute crimes against humanity
The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination,
Alarmed at the increasing number of racially and ethnically motivated massacres and
atrocities occurring in different regions of the world,
Convinced that the impunity of the perpetrators is a major factor contributing to the
occurrence and recurrence of these crimes,
Convinced of the need to establish, as quickly as possible, an international tribunal with
general jurisdiction to prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity and grave breaches of the Geneva
Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols of 1977 thereto,
Taking into account the work already done on this question by the International Law
Commission and the encouragement given in this regard by the General Assembly in its resolution
48/31 of 9 December 1993,
Also taking into account Security Council resolution 872 (1993) of 25 May 1993 establishing
an international tribunal for the purpose of prosecuting persons responsible for serious violations of
international humanitarian law committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia,
1. Considers that an international tribunal with general jurisdiction should be
established urgently to prosecute genocide, crimes against humanity, including murder, extermination,
enslavement, deportation, imprisonment, torture, rape, persecutions on political, racial and religious
grounds and other inhumane acts directed against any civilian population, and grave breaches of the
Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols of 1977 thereto;
2. Urges the Secretary-General to bring the present recommendation to the attention of
the competent organs and bodies of the United Nations, including the Security Council;
3. Requests the High Commissioner for Human Rights to ensure that all relevant
information pertaining to the crimes referred to in paragraph 1 is systematically collected by the
Centre for Human Rights so that it can be readily available to the international tribunal as soon as it is
established.
*
Contained in document A/49/18.

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Forty-fourth session (1994)* General recommendation XVIII on the establishment of an international tribunal to prosecute crimes against humanity The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, Alarmed at the increasing number of racially and ethnically motivated massacres and atrocities o ...
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