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Enduring Issues in States of Consciousness Lecture Notes

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Enduring Issues in States of Consciousness - Person-Situation: How do the settings in which consciousness-altering drugs are taken influence their effects? - Diversity-Universality: Are there significant differences among people in their susceptibility to various altered states of consciousness? - Mind-Body: In what ways do psychological states affect biological processes? Conversely, in what ways do biological processes affect psychological experiences? Consciousness: - A person’s awareness of a responsiveness to mental processes and the environment - States of Consciousness: - Waking: Thoughts, feelings, and perceptions that occur when we are awake and reasonably alert - Altered states: Mental states that differ noticeably from normal waking consciousness Sleep: - Evidence exists that sleep is necessary for physical and mental restoration - Immune system functioning - Cognitive functioning - Problem solving - Decision making - Creativity - Long term memory Circadian Cycles: The Biological Clock: - Circadian Rhythm: Regular biological rhythm with a period of approximately 24 hours - Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN): Cluster of neurons in hypothalamus that receives input from the retina regarding light and dark cycles; involved in regulating the biological clock The Rhythms of Sleep - Twilight State: “Going to Sleep” - Alpha Waves (irregular, low-voltage) - Brain-wave pattern mirrors sense of relaxed wakefulness experienced while laying on a beach or resting after a big me ...
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