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Classical Conditioning The Biology of Memory Psychology Study Notes

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CHAPTER 5→ Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning (US and CS) Learning: occurs whenever experience or practice results in a relatively permanent change in behavior or in potential behavior. Classical Conditioning: Type of learning in which a response naturally evoked by one stimulus comes to be obtained by a different, formerly neutral, stimulus. It is made up of 4 basic elements: - Unconditioned Stimulus: an event that automatically elicits a certain reflex reaction. - Unconditioned Response: a certain reflex reaction. - Ex: food in the mouth is the unconditioned stimulus, and the salivation to it is the unconditioned response. - Conditioned Stimulus: an originally neutral stimulus that is paired with an unconditioned stimulus and eventually produces the desired response in an organism when presented alone. - Conditioned Response: After conditioning, the response tan organism produces when a conditioned stimulus is presented. Intermittent Pairing: pairing the conditioned stimulus and the unconditioned stimulus on only a portion of the learning trials. Desensitization therapy: A conditioning technique designed to gradually reduce anxiety about a particular object or situation. (Joseph Wolpe) Classical Conditioning is Selective Preparedness: A biological readiness to learn certain associations because of their survival advantages. Conditioned Taste Aversion: Conditioned avoidance of certain foods even if there is only one pairing of conditioned and unconditioned stimu ...
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