Access over 20 million homework & study documents
search

Psychopathology Dysfunctional Behaviors Mental Disorders Study Notes

Content type

User Generated

Subject

Psychology

Type

Other

Rating

Showing Page:
1/8
Psychopathology The scientific study of problematic feelings, thoughts, and behaviors associated
with mental disorders
- The branch of psychology that deals with the description, causes, and treatment of abnormal
behavior patterns
What is Normal/Abnormal?
- How can you tell the difference between “normal” and “abnormal’?
- Who gets to decide what is normal and what is not?
- Sometimes it’s easy to identify abnormal behaviors, other times it is not so clear-cut
- Abnormalmeans “away from normal”
- Being away from normal assumes that deviations on both sides of average are negative
- Is simply being different abnormal a way to define abnormal behavior? Is it enough time
to define a mental illness?
- Being Different→ is it abnormal? Individuals possessing abilities that distinguish them
from the general public are different
- Some abnormalities are not negative; rather, they positively contribute to society
- Deviance→ behaving differently
- Deviant behaviors - those that differ from prevailing societal “norms” or standards /
culture
- The degree to which a behavior is problematic depends on the environment in which it
occurs
Understanding the Context of Abnormal Behavior:
- Group expectations:
- Includes family, friends, neighborhood, and culture
- Standards of one group may conflict with another
- Culture:
- Shared behavior patterns and lifestyles that differentiate one group from another
- Culture-bound syndromes- abnormal behaviors specific to a particular location or group
- Development and Maturity:
- As a child matures, behaviors that were once considered developmentally appropriate and
normal can be deemed “abnormal”
- Ex: 4 year old sees monsters “normal” - 12 year old should be able to understand
the difference between imagination and reality
- Eccentricity:
- May violate cultural norms, but not always negative or harmful to others
Is Behaving Dangerously Abnormal?
- Dangerous behavior - results from intense emotional states (anger at one given time) OR may
signal the presence of a psychological disorder
- Most people with psychological disorders do not engage in dangerous behavior. A a matter of
fact, individuals with serious disordered thinking rarely present any danger to society
- REAL people REAL Disorders James Eagan Holmes
- Graduated form University of California, top of his class
- Described by some as socially inept and uncommunicative
- Purchased and stockpiled guns, shot up a theatre called himself “The Joker”

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Showing Page:
2/8
***So far, being different behaving differently and behaving dangerously clearly does not constitute
abnormal behavior. Lastly, we can look at whether a behavior causes distress of dysfunction for the
individual or others
Is behaving Dysfunctionally Abnormal?
- Abnormal behavior that occurs frequently can lead to dysfunction
- Dysfunctional behaviors interfere with one’s social, occupational, and emotional
functioning
- Can lead to significant distress in all areas of life and functioning ability for the
individual and other surrounding them
A definition of abnormal Behavior
- Behavior that is inconsistent with the individual’s developmental, cultural, and societal norms
and creates emotional distress or interferes with daily functioning
Labels, Labels, Labels…
- These words are used to dismiss and dehumanize people who we consider different
- Stigma:
- Self-Stigma:
- Stereotypes: “all people with mental illness are incompetent”
- Prejudices: “I have a mental illness, so I must be incompetent”
- Discrimination: “why should I even get a job if i have a mental illness?”
- Public Stigma:
- Stereotypes: “all people with mental illness are dangerous”
- Prejudices: “I agree all, they are dangerous and I am afraid of them”
- Discrimination: “i don’t want to be near them”
- Public stigma may lead some people to avoid the label of mental disorder by not seeking
services that might be helpful. Self-stigma may lead people with mental disorder to feel
incompetent and unworthy of help
Classification Systems
- Provide nomenclature and common language
- Allow information structuring
- Facilitate research
- Establish the range of problems to address
- Having the same words for a certain mental illness
Categorical vs. Dimensional Approaches to Abnormal Behavior
- DSM-5 uses a categorical approach
- Do you meet the criteria or not?
- Issues: Symptoms rarely fall neatly into just one category
- Symptoms often are not of sufficient severity to determine that they represent a
disorder
- Dimensional Approach:
- Abnormal behavior is constantly changing
- Abnormal behavior can be placed on a continuum
***Ex: Categorical approach→ “do you have autism or not? If you do;
Dimensional Approach→ where in the spectrum do you lie, (high/low functioning)
Prevalence of Serious Mental Illness Among U.S. Adults (2012)

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Showing Page:
3/8

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up

Unformatted Attachment Preview

Psychopathology→ The scientific study of problematic feelings, thoughts, and behaviors associated with mental disorders - The branch of psychology that deals with the description, causes, and treatment of abnormal behavior patterns What is Normal/Abnormal? - How can you tell the difference between “normal” and “abnormal’? - Who gets to decide what is normal and what is not? - Sometimes it’s easy to identify abnormal behaviors, other times it is not so clear-cut - Abnormal→ means “away from normal” - - Being away from normal assumes that deviations on both sides of average are negative Is simply being different abnormal a way to define abnormal behavior? Is it enough time to define a mental illness? - Being Different→ is it abnormal? Individuals possessing abilities that distinguish them from the general public are different - Some abnormalities are not negative; rather, they positively contribute to society Deviance→ behaving differently Deviant behaviors - those that differ from prevailing societal “norms” or standards / culture - The degree to which a behavior is problematic depends on the environment in which it occurs Understanding the Context of Abnormal Behavior: - Group expectations: - Includes family, friends, neighborhood, and culture - Standards of one group may conflict with another - Culture: - Shared behavior patterns and lifestyles that differentiate one group from another - Culture-bound syndromes- abnormal behaviors specific to a p ...
Purchase document to see full attachment
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Anonymous
Nice! Really impressed with the quality.

Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4