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Early Communication Development Lecture Notes

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Early Communication Development
Objectives:
- Know the order in children develop prelinguistic communication
- Identify several forms of communicative behavior in infants
- Discuss how caregivers contribute to the
development of communicative behavior
Capabilities of Infants
- Communication development begins in utero
- Preference for mother’s voice
- Discriminates b/w sounds in native
language and other languages
- Passive v. active interactants
Adult’s Turn-Taking Interactions
- Initiation
- Response
- Invitation to respond
- In order to be successful
- Partners must time responses
- Share responsibility of initiating interactions
Caregiver-Child Turn-taking
- Caregiver provides a scaffold
- Vocalizes when looking at child
- Holds a positive expression
- Responds quickly to the infant’s vocalizations
- Uses prolonged pauses
- When the infant responds, the caregiver continues
- Or infant ends the interaction by not responding
- Upping the ante in scaffolding→ doing routines and making them more difficult
- Incorporate objects into interactions
- At 6 months; When child interested in objects
- As child develops
- Turn-taking exchanges increase in number
- Turns are more coordinated
- Infant initiates more interactions
- By 12 months, indicates partner’s turn through gaze
- Where joint attention culminates
At-risk & Preterm Infants
- May have difficulty participating due to problems with state regulation
- Difficulty in state regulation
- More time in transitional states
- Fluctuate more rapidly and erratically b/w states
- Difficulty integrating stimulation
- Thus, may not be effective partners
Progression of Communicative Abilities

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- Cries
- Cooing
- Turn-taking interactions
- Babbling
- Intentional communication
→ vocalizing at 1-3 months, usually in back of the mouth, vowel sounds since they cant lift up their
heads
→ 4-6 months: babbling; bilabial sounds mostly, no velar
→ 8-10 months: varied babbling;
→ after 10 months: jargon (does not last long, transition into their first words)
Transition into meaningful speech (10-14 months)
- Onset of meaningful speech clear in some children or only meaningful to those around
them
- proto-word→ can be considered first word
Criteria for Intentional Communication
- Eye contact with partner
- Vocalizes and/or gestures
- Waits for response
- Persists if not understood
Recognize Adults’ as Agents (9-10 months)
- Produce
- Protoimperatives→ start recognizing the adult as an agent to get what they want
- protodeclaratives→ use an object to get attention
Modes of Early Communications
- Gestures
- Vocalizations
Functions of Early Communicative Behaviors
- Rejection
- Requests
- Comments
Accessing Communicative Intent
- Low-structured observations→ laying out objects, seeing how they interact with them and
parent
- Communicative temptation tasks→ eating their favorite food in front of them, blowing bubbles
and putting the bubbles away
- Parent questionnaire→ a list of questions for the parents about their child

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Early Communication Development Objectives: - Know the order in children develop prelinguistic communication - Identify several forms of communicative behavior in infants - Discuss how caregivers contribute to the development of communicative behavior Capabilities of Infants - Communication development begins in utero - Preference for mother’s voice - Discriminates b/w sounds in native language and other languages - Passive v. active interactants Adult’s Turn-Taking Interactions - Initiation - Response - Invitation to respond - In order to be successful - Partners must time responses - Share responsibility of initiating interactions Caregiver-Child Turn-taking - Caregiver provides a scaffold - Vocalizes when looking at child - Holds a positive expression - Responds quickly to the infant’s vocalizations - Uses prolonged pauses - When the infant responds, the caregiver continues - Or ...
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