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Language and Literacy Lecture Notes

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Linguistics

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Language and Literacy
Objectives:
- You will be able to describe 5 components of skilled reading
- You will be able to describe and provide examples of metasemantic, metasyntactic, and
metapragmatic awareness
- You will be familiar with features of narrative development
Phonological Awareness
- definition→
- Development of phonological awareness
- Identifying number of syllables
- Analyzing syllables into constituents
- Significance→
- Causes→
Later Lexical Development
- Relationship to reading
- Size of children’s vocabulary
- Reason for increase→
Contextualized v. Decontextualized Language
- Contextualized:
- Oral language: face-to-face conversation about here and now
- Written Language: menus, labels, some signs
- Decontextualized:
- Oral Language: narratives and lectures
- Written language: almost all written language
Stages of Narrative Development
- Stage 1 - Heap Stories
- 2-3 years of age
- Consists of:
- Labels and Descriptions of events
- Contains no real themes
- Stage 2 - Sequence Stories
- 3 year olds
- Child labels events that involve a key theme, character, or setting
- No plot
- Temporal or causal relationships not provided
- State 3 - Primitive Narratives
- 4 - 4 ½ year olds
- Narrative contains a core character, object or event
- Contains:
- Initiated event
- An action
- A consequence of that action
- No real ending or resolution

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- Stage 4 - Chain Narratives
- 4 ½ to 5 year olds
- Some cause and effect or temporal relationship
- Weak plot
- Attributes or characters of plot not provided
- Ending may not be logical
- Stage 5 - True Narrative
- 5-7 year olds
- Contains:
- Theme
- Central character (and motivations)
- Plot
- Events are logical and temporal
- Ends with a resolution of the problem
Metalinguistic Development
- Stage 1: Literacy Socialization
- Distinguish print from nonprint
- Know how to interact with books
- Stage 2: Word consciousness, segmentation, comprehension
- Recognize word boundaries
- Discuss parts of speech
- Separate words into syllables
- Unable to understand 1 word can have different meanings
- Stage 3: Segmentation and Comprehension
- Understand verbal humor w/ linguistic ambiguity
- Understands words can have several meanings
Types of Metalinguistic Awareness:
- Metasemantic Word awareness
- Comprehension of term “word”
- Understanding that words are “units”
- Understanding that relationship b/w phonemes and referents are arbitrary
- Metasyntactic
- Able to correct ungrammatical sentences presented to them
- Typically developing children are able to “edit” their sentences
- Metapragmatic (around age 5)
- Explain social rules
Literacy Experiences at Home
- Emergent literacy
- Where you development awareness of signs, letters, print, how to hold a book
- What is learned:
- Environmental print
- Conventions of print
- Function of literacy
Home Support of Literacy

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Language and Literacy Objectives: - You will be able to describe 5 components of skilled reading - You will be able to describe and provide examples of metasemantic, metasyntactic, and metapragmatic awareness - You will be familiar with features of narrative development Phonological Awareness - definition→ - Development of phonological awareness - Identifying number of syllables - Analyzing syllables into constituents - Significance→ - Causes→ Later Lexical Development - Relationship to reading - Size of children’s vocabulary - Reason for increase→ Contextualized v. Decontextualized Language - Contextualized: - Oral language: face-to-face conversation about here and now - Written Language: menus, labels, some signs - Decontextualized: - Oral Language: narratives and lectures - Written language: almost all written language Stages of Narrative Development - Stage 1 - Heap Stories ...
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