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Accent and Dialect Differences Phonetic and Phonology Study Notes

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Accent (English with an Accent ch. 3-4)
The myth of non-accent
- L1 (first language) accent is the structured variation that takes place in language
- L1 accent definition: is the native variety of U.S. English spoken: every native speaker of U.S.
English has an L1 accent
- There are geographical influences→ Brooklyn accent, New Orleans accent, Appalachian
accent
- Socially bound clusters→ Native American accents, Black accents, Jewish accents
- Gender, race, ethnicity, income, education, religion
What differentiates accent and dialect?
- Two varieties of a single language are distinguished by accent when differences are restricted
primarily to phonology (prosodic and segmental features)
- When two varieties of a single language also differ in morphological structures, syntax, lexicon,
and semantics, then we can consider them different dialects of the same language.
- Morphological structure: how a word is formed (stem, prefix, suffix, tense, etc.)
- Syntax: how the words are put together, the arrangement of words
- Lexicon: different vocabulary of language
- Semantics: Content or meaning
- When two varieties of a common mother language differ in all these ways, and in addition have
different literary histories, distinct orthographies, and/or geopolitical boundaries, then they can be
thought of as different languages.
Only one Type of Language
- There is a strong belief - contrary to scientific evidence - that only one language (without
variations) is the most desirable form
- Think of our first class exercise about everyone looking the same
- Because accent communicates so much about social class - some accents are more accepted than
others
- See the story of James Kahakua, native to Hawai'i…

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Accent (English with an Accent ch. 3-4) The myth of non-accent - L1 (first language) accent is the structured variation that takes place in language - L1 accent definition: is the native variety of U.S. English spoken: every native speaker of U.S. English has an L1 accent - There are geographical in ...
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