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Early Intervention Program Study Notes

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Health & Medical

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The Clients and the Law
Who are the Clients?
- Children
- Birth (early intervention)--> EI
- 3-5 (Committee preschool special education)--> CPSE
- 5-21 (Committee special education)--> CSE
- Adults
- Language Disorders: aphasia
- Speech disorders: apraxia, dysarthria, stuttering, voice
- Medical Conditions:
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Dementia, Huntington’s Disease,
Laryngeal/Oral Cancer, Right Hemisphere Brain Injury, Stroke , TBI
Early Intervention Program
- Funded by the NYS Department of Health (DOH)
- Program for infants and toddlers with disabilities and developmental delays and their families
- Disability→ child has diagnosis of a physical or mental condition, leading to problems
in development
- Developmental delay→ child is behind in at least one area of development
- Can be tricky to receive services if they are considered to not have enough of
a delay→ Delay could be in speech, language, eating
- Offers a variety of therapeutic and support services
- No out-of-pocket costs to families
- Provided anywhere in the community
- Must be available all year
- Eligibility
- Has a disability or developmental delay
- Areas of development:Cognitive, communication, physical/motor,
social/emotional, adaptive/self-help
- Criteria: 12 month delay in 1 area; 33% delays in 1 area; 25% delays in 2 areas
- IFSP (individualized family service plan)
- Developed with Early Intervention Official Designee (EIOD) and the Initial Service
Coordinator (ISC)
- EIOD figures out what developmental delays/disabilities that they have. They
conduct the tests to figure out the plan for helping the child
- ISC coordinates all the services (ex: calls the therapists about cases, etc.)
- Best way to connect with the ISC is giving the ISC’s your prefered
- areas/zip codes
- Outlines and explains the EI services received→ plans out the frequency and the
length of time for each session
- IFSP Reviewed every 6 months (progress reports are required every 3 months)

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CPSE Program
- Ages 3-5
- Once the child turns three, EI services continue thru August 31st or December 31st
depending on their birthday. They either finish or continue on to CPSE
- Referrals from EI or local district (sometimes they may not have qualified or parents did not
know about the EI services
- Eligibility based on results of individual evaluation
- May attend special preschool, or go into regular preschool with services coming into the school
- Classified as “preschool student with a disability”
- Sometimes throws parents off→ thinking that the child are marked for life
- Unfortunately parents can deny services
- CPSE goes on the child’s record (EI does not)
- This does not prevent the child from any opportunities
- Stigma about having a child with a disability
- IEP (individualized education program)→ reviewed annually
- Services must be available
- 180 days (10 month school year)
- And 30 days (12 month)
CSE Program
- Ages 5-21
- Requires evaluations:
- Determines child’s skills, abilities and areas of need that affect his/her school
performance (NYCDOE, 2016)
- Child’s difficulties don’t always affect their academics (ex: add, adhd)
Education for all Handicapped Children Act (now known as IDEA)
- P.L 94-142 1975: Free services did not exist before 1975, people with disabilities would go to
mental institutions
- Four purposes:
- All children (3-21) with disabilities have a FAPE (free appropriate public education) with
services to meet their unique needs (No EI yet)
- Rights of children with disabilities and their parents are protected
- Assist states and localities to provide for education of all children with disabilities
- Assess and assure effectiveness of efforts to educate all children with disabilities (US
DOE, 2010)
- EHA/IDEA Amendments
- P.L. 99-457,1986 Amendment: mandated that states provide programs/services from birth
- Transition Services Amendments: put in place to help children to grow up and transition
into the community.
- Focus→ IEPs (Individualized Education Programs) must include transition
services from high school to adult living
- Appropriate employment
- Community agencies/resources
- Begin at age 14 (US DOE, 2007)

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The Clients and the Law Who are the Clients? - Children - Birth (early intervention)--> EI - 3-5 (Committee preschool special education)--> CPSE - 5-21 (Committee special education)--> CSE - Adults - Language Disorders: aphasia - Speech disorders: apraxia, dysarthria, stuttering, voice - Medical Conditions: - Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Dementia, Huntington’s Disease, Laryngeal/Oral Cancer, Right Hemisphere Brain Injury, Stroke , TBI Early Intervention Program - Funded by the NYS Department of Health (DOH) - Program for infants and toddlers with disabilities and developmental delays and their families - Disability→ child has diagnosis of a physical or mental condition, leading to problems in development - Developmental delay→ child is behind in at least one area of development - Can be tricky to receive services if they are considered to not have enough of a delay→ Delay could be in speech, language, eating - - - Offers a variety of therapeutic and support services - No out-of-pocket costs to families - Provided anywhere in the community - Must be available all year Eligibility - Has a disability or developmental delay - Areas of development:Cognitive, communication, physical/motor, social/emotional, adaptive/self-help - Criteria: 12 month delay in 1 area; 33% delays in 1 area; 25% delays in 2 areas IFSP (individualized family service plan) - Developed with Early Intervention Official Designee (EIOD) and the Initial Service Coordinator (ISC) - EIOD figu ...
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