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Biology Questions 5.edited

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Biology
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Fordham University
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Biology questions
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1. Explain how enzymes help to control metabolism in living organisms. Be sure to discuss
what enzymes are composed of and how their structure affects their function.
Enzymes play a crucial role in controlling different metabolic processes in a living
organism, including cellular respiration, proteolysis, digestion, transcription, response to the
environment, and energy storage (Munro et al., 2018). Enzymes have a specified role while
controlling metabolic activities. For instance, some enzymes break down vast molecules of
nutrients such as fats, proteins, and carbohydrates into smaller molecules. The breakdown process
happens during the digestion of food in the intestines and stomach. Every enzyme contains a part
known as an active site; this is an area that allows the enzyme and the substrate bonds to react. The
binding of the suitable substrate or molecule activates the enzyme in preparation for performing
its function.
The composition of an enzyme is protein. The enzymes are active at optimal PH and
temperature to retain their suitable shape. An optimum temperature and pH are significant for the
proper functioning of an enzyme. Any deviations in these factors will affect or denature the
enzyme's structure, which acts the enzyme activity, which is the enzyme's ability to function
(Munro et al., 2018). The design and shape of an enzyme play a crucial role in determining the
type of reactant it will bind with for the reaction to form specified chemical bonds. Alteration of
the enzyme structure affects the binding and formation of chemical bonds hence preventing the
reaction. Enzymes work by lowering the activation energy involved in the biochemical reaction,
thus making the responses faster than if the enzyme is not affected.
2. Discuss cellular respiration:

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1 Biology questions Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation 2 1. Explain how enzymes help to control metabolism in living organisms. Be sure to discuss what enzymes are composed of and how their structure affects their function. Enzymes play a crucial role in controlling different metabolic processes in a living organism, including cellular respiration, proteolysis, digestion, transcription, response to the environment, and energy storage (Munro et al., 2018). Enzymes have a specified role while controlling metabolic activities. For instance, some enzymes break down vast molecules of nutrients such as fats, proteins, and carbohydrates into smaller molecules. The breakdown process happens during the digestion of food in the intestines and stomach. Every enzyme contains a part known as an active site; this is an area that allows the enzyme and the substrate bonds to react. The binding of the suitable substrate or molecule activates the enzyme in preparation for performing its function. The composition of an enzyme is protein. The enzymes are active at optimal PH and temperature to retain their suitable shape. An optimum temperature and pH are significant for the proper functioning of an enzyme. Any deviations in these factors will affect or denature the enzyme's structure, which acts the enzyme activity, which is the enzyme's ability to function (Munro et al., 2018). The design and shape of an enzyme play a crucial role in determining the type of reactant it will bind wi ...
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