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PHI 105 Week 6-DQ 1




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Week 6 – Discussion Question #1
The ontological argument is based more upon reason, and the cosmological and
teleological arguments are based more upon observation. The ontological argument
stems from the concept that God exists and represents St. Anselm's most
substantial contribution to the philosophy of religion. Anselm was the first
philosopher to argue the existence of God without applying any religious premises
and considered God to be the greatest being conceivable and "a being than which
nothing greater can be conceived" (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 426).
The cosmological argument, a type of argument that involves worldly
observation, claims that the existence of things that could possibly not have existed
(contingent) explains the existence of a necessary being (God) as the creator of
such things (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 430-431). This type of argument arises
from human curiosity that naturally wonders why there is something instead of
nothing (Stanford, 2008).
The teleological argument is similar to the cosmological argument in that it arises
from a natural standpoint and suggests that everything exists because of a higher
power. The teleological argument takes the cosmological argument one step
further by giving explanation to our questions about not only where everything
came from but where the beauty and design (properties) of everything came
from (Stanford, 2008).
I think I agree more with the cosmological and teleological arguments than the
ontological argument. I have difficulty wrapping my head about St. Anselm's
concepts regarding God. I'm one of the people who think that his ideas are just
doubletalk and his arguments are "just because" arguments, and that doesn't fly
with me. When ask myself questions about God and existence, I don't just wonder
where we came from. I also wonder what made humans and everything the way
they are individually. What made flowers so colorful and pretty? Where did color
come from? How could such beautiful things be spontaneous? I believe that a
superior being had a plan for the creation of all and continues to have a plan for the
creation of all in the future.
As far as which arguments about the existence of God were most fascinating and

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convincing to me -- I would honestly have to say the anchoress Julia of Norwich.
Julian believed in God with all her heart, but her belief system was different than
Anselm and Aquinas'; it had a lot to do with mysticism, as well as focusing on the
nature of personal and religious knowledge. She believed that some people had
come into direct contact with God in some way or another and this fact alone was
substantive proof that God existed (Moore & Bruder, 2008, p. 432, 434). I am not
saying that this type of explanation doesn't still leave me with questions and even
doubts, but I still consider explanations based on experiences and real substance to
be better than those based solely on philosophical argument.
Cosmological Argument. (September, 2008). Retrieved February 1, 2010, from
Teleological Arguments. (June, 2005). Retrieved February 2, 2010 from,

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Really great stuff, couldn't ask for more.