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Grindcore is an extreme fusion genre of heavy metal and hardcore punk that originated in the mid 1980s

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Grindcore
Grindcore is an extreme fusion genre of heavy metal and hardcore punk that
originated in the mid-1980s, drawing inspiration from abrasive-sounding
musical styles, such as thrashcore, crust punk, hardcore punk, extreme
metal, and industrial. Grindcore is considered a more noise-filled style of
hardcore punk while using hardcore's trademark characteristics such as
heavily distorted, down-tuned guitars, grinding overdriven bass, high-speed
tempo, blast beats, and vocals which consist of growls, shouts and high-
pitched shrieks. Early groups like Napalm Death are credited with laying the
groundwork for the style. It is most prevalent today in North America and
Europe, with popular contributors such as Brutal Truth and Nasum. Lyrical
themes range from a primary focus on social and political concerns, to gory
subject matter and black humor.
A trait of grindcore is the "microsong" much shorter than average for punk
or metal; several bands have produced songs that are only seconds in length.
British band Napalm Death holds the Guinness World Record for shortest
song ever recorded with the one-second "You Suffer" (1987). Many bands,
such as Agoraphobic Nosebleed, record simple phrases that may be
rhythmically sprawled out across an instrumental lasting only a couple of
bars in length.
A variety of subgenres and microgenres have subsequently emerged, often
labeling bands according to traits that deviate from regular grindcore;
including goregrind, focused on themes of gore (e.g. mutilation and
pathology), and pornogrind, fixated on pornographic lyrical themes. Another
offshoot is cybergrind which incorporates electronic music elements such as
sampling and programmed drums. Although influential within hardcore and
extreme metal, grindcore remains an underground form of music.

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Characteristics
Grindcore is influenced by crust punk, thrashcore hardcore punk and thrash
metal, The name derives from the fact that grind is a British term for thrash;
that term was prepended to -core from hardcore. Grindcore relies on
standard hardcore punk instrumentation: electric guitar, bass and drums.
However, grindcore alters the usual practices of metal or rock music in regard
to song structure and tone. The vocal style is "ranging from high-pitched
shrieks to low, throat-shredding growls and barks." In some cases, no clear
lyrics exist. Vocals may be used as merely an added sound effect, a common
practice with bands such as the experimental Naked City.
A characteristic of some grindcore songs is the "microsong," lasting only a
few seconds. In 2001, the Guinness Book of World Records awarded Brutal
Truth the record for "Shortest Music Video" for 1994's "Collateral Damage"
(the song lasts four seconds). In 2007, the video for the Napalm Death song
"You Suffer" set a new "Shortest Music Video" record: 1.3 seconds. Beyond
the microsong, it is characteristic of grindcore to have short songs in general;
for example, Carcass' debut album Reek of Putrefaction (1988) consists of 22
tracks with an average length of 1 minute and 48 seconds. It is also not
uncommon for grindcore albums to be very short when compared to other
genres, usually consisting of a large track list but having a total length of only
15 to 20 minutes.
Many grindcore groups experiment with down-tuned guitars and play mostly with down
picking, power chords and heavy distortion. While the vinyl A-side of Napalm Death's
debut, 1987's Scum, is set to Eb tuning, on side B, the guitars are tuned down to C.
Their second album From Enslavement to Obliteration and the Mentally Murdered EP
were tuned to C ♯. Harmony Corruption, their third full-length album, was tuned up to
a D. Bolt Thrower went further, dropping steps down (A). Bass is tuned low as well,
and is often distorted.

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Blast beat
The blast beat is a drum beat characteristic of grindcore in all its forms,
although its usage predates the genre itself, and the drum technique may
have originated in jazz with drummer Tony Williams credited with its use in
a 1979 concert by the Trio of Doom. In Adam MacGregor's definition, "the
blast-beat generally comprises a repeated, sixteenth-note figure played at a
very fast tempo, and divided uniformly among the kick drum, snare and ride,
crash, or hi-hat cymbal." Blast beats have been described as "maniacal
percussive explosions, less about rhythm per second than sheer sonic
violence." Napalm Death coined the term, though this style of drumming had
previously been practiced by others. Daniel Ekeroth argues that the blast beat
was first performed by the Swedish group Asocial on their 1982 demo. Lärm
("Campaign For Musical Destruction") Dirty Rotten Imbeciles ("No Sense"),
Stormtroopers of Death ("Milk"), Sarcófago ("Satanas"), Sepultura
("Antichrist"), and Repulsion also included the technique prior to Napalm
Death's emergence.
Lyrical themes
Grindcore lyrics are typically provocative. A number of grindcore musicians
are committed to political and ethical causes, generally leaning towards the
far left in connection to grindcore's punk roots. For example, Napalm Death's
songs address a variety of anarchist concerns, in the tradition of anarcho-
punk. These themes include anti-racism, feminism, anti-militarism, and
anti-capitalism. Early grindcore bands including Napalm Death, Agathocles
and Carcass made animal rights one of their primary lyrical themes. Some of
them, such as Cattle Decapitation and Carcass, have expressed disgust with
human behavior and animal abuse, and are, in some cases, vegetarians or
vegans. Carcass' work in particular is often identified as the origin of the

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Grindcore Grindcore is an extreme fusion genre of heavy metal and hardcore punk that originated in the mid-1980s, drawing inspiration from abrasive-sounding musical styles, such as thrashcore, crust punk, hardcore punk, extreme metal, and industrial. Grindcore is considered a more noise-filled style of hardcore punk while using hardcore's trademark characteristics such as heavily distorted, down-tuned guitars, grinding overdriven bass, high-speed tempo, blast beats, and vocals which consist of growls, shouts and highpitched shrieks. Early groups like Napalm Death are credited with laying the groundwork for the style. It is most prevalent today in North America and Europe, with popular contributors such as Brutal Truth and Nasum. Lyrical themes range from a primary focus on social and political concerns, to gory subject matter and black humor. A trait of grindcore is the "microsong" much shorter than average for punk or metal; several bands have produced songs that are only seconds in length. British band Napalm Death holds the Guinness World Record for shortest song ever recorded with the one-second "You Suffer" (1987). Many bands, such as Agoraphobic Nosebleed, record simple phrases that may be rhythmically sprawled out across an instrumental lasting only a couple of bars in length. A variety of subgenres and microgenres have subsequently emerged, often labeling bands according to traits that deviate from regular grindcore; including goregrind, focused on themes of gore (e.g ...
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