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Forms Of Alienation

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Humanities

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University of San Diego

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Forms of Alienation
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Forms of Alienation
As described by Marx, abstract labour is one that most people have experienced while
searching for their dream job. Under certain economic conditions, labour appears to man only as
a means of satisfying human needs to maintain existence (Marx, 1959). According to Marx
(1959), labour alienation is an experience of abstract labour characterized by loss of connection
to the work. There are various forms of labour alienation that humans experience in labour,
including the product of labour and the process of labour, among others. Nevertheless, exploring
these two forms of alienation is crucial as it helps understand the experiences people have in
labour and how labour is related to the human body.
The first aspect of alienation I have experienced is alienation from the product of labour.
The outcome of labour form of alienation is the experience of having no control over the product
of labour. In Marx's words, "objectification becomes the loss of bondage to it." The object is a
loss in the sense that the act of producing it makes it someone else's property. Alienation, in this
case, takes the particular form of separation of owner and worker. That which I create as a
worker immediately becomes the possession of another and becomes out of my control.
Consequently, it becomes an external power (alien world) on its own.
The second aspect I have witnessed people experience is alienation within the labour
process. Not only do people lose control over the product of their labour, but they also lose
control over the activity of producing it. In such a case, the action is not self-expression nor the
worker's desire. The only relation the worker and the activity has is the result of satisfaction of
the needs and sustain physical existence. Marx claims that the worker considers this relation as
an alien activity characterized by suffering, weakness, deprivation of identity and physical and
mental energy. In this, one works only because of the compulsion of immediate physical need.

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1 Forms of Alienation Student's First Name, Middle Initial(s), Last Name Institutional Affiliation Course Number and Name Instructor's Name and Title Assignment Due Date 2 Forms of Alienation As described by Marx, abstract labour is one that most people have experienced while searching for their dream job. Under certain economic conditions, labour appears to man only as a means of satisfying human needs to maintain existence (Marx, 1959). According to Marx (1959), labour alienation is an experience of abstract labour characterized by loss of connection to the work. There are various forms of labour alienation that humans experience in labour, including the product of labour and the process of labour, among others. Nevertheless, exploring these two forms of alienation is crucial as it helps understand the experiences people have in labour and how labour is related to the human body. The first aspect of alienation I have experienced is alienation from the product of labour. The outcome of labour form of alienation is the experience of having no control over the product of labour. In Marx's words, "objectification becomes the loss of bondage to it." The object is a loss in the sen ...
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