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Discussion Responses Advanced Theories And Techniques Of Counseling

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Psychology
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Discussion responses
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RE: DB 1.2 - Our Roots in Theory
Ebony W
Hello Ebony. I am impressed with how you have discussed the theoretical evolution
issue. Indeed, research has played a vital role as more complex models of psychopathology,
focusing on environmental interactions and epigenetics, emerge. On my side, I conducted
extensive research concerning the models of psychopathology and realized that four models
explain psychological abnormality; biological, behavioral, cognitive, and psychodynamic
models. I also found that all four models try to explain the causes and treatments for all
psychological illnesses. However, it is critical to note that all models of psychopathology explain
the causes and treatments for all psychological illnesses from a different approach. Based on
your post, psychotherapy entails a specific type of learning in context with an emotional
relationship, like therapeutic relationships. For that reason, I found readings for this week helpful
since they gave me sufficient knowledge regarding psychotherapy. Indeed, this week's readings
indicated that so much has evolved in the last few decades. Your post stated that Epigenetics
research supported the idea of adverse psychosocial experiences associated with mental health
disorders such as schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, and addiction (Jones et al., 2021). It is also
essential to understand the meaning of Epigenetics. According to Watson (2013), epigenetics is
the study of how an individual's behavior and environment can cause significant changes that
impact how someone's genes work. Based on this definition, it is clear that the environment and
behavior of an individual are primary factors that can change the smooth functioning of genes. In
other words, the normal functioning of genes is determined by an individual's environment and
behavior. However, it is essential to note that epigenetic changes can be reversed and cannot
change DNA sequence though they can change how the body reads a DNA sequence.

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Consequently, in my extensive research, I found that the epigenome can easily be
impacted by positive experiences that include opportunities for learning and supportive
relationships. Furthermore, the study found that some negative influences that can affect
epigenetics include environmental toxins and stressful life circumstances. I also learned that
negative experiences could leave a unique epigenetic signature on the genes. Based on my
research, I strongly agree with you when you indicated, "Even though some treatments are seen
as negative there are also positives that are connected as well. Positive epigenetic associations
include counseling interventions, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness, diet, and exercise."
On my side, I learned several things from this week's readings, including understanding that
Hellenist physicians were familiar with the pre-Christian era (Watson, 2013). Hellenist
physicians were the doctors or people who could treat people struggling with psychological
disorders during the Christian period. Therefore, I have learned that Hellenist physicians knew
that the brain was the source of depression, madness, and delirium.
References
Jones, D., Park, J., Gamby, K., Bigelow, T., Mersha, T., & Folger, A. (2021). Mental health
epigenetics: A primer with implications for counselors. Retrieved from Mental Health
Epigenetics: A Primer With Implications for Counselors | The Professional Counselor
(nbcc.org)
Watson, J (2013). Historical Foundations of the Counseling Profession Historical Foundations of
the Counseling Professio - Bing video

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1 Discussion responses Student’s Name Department, University Course Professor’s Name Date of Submission 2 RE: DB 1.2 - Our Roots in Theory Ebony W Hello Ebony. I am impressed with how you have discussed the theoretical evolution issue. Indeed, research has played a vital role as more complex models of psychopathology, focusing on environmental interactions and epigenetics, emerge. On my side, I conducted extensive research concerning the models of psychopathology and realized that four models explain psychological abnormality; biological, behavioral, cognitive, and psychodynamic models. I also found that all four models try to explain the causes and treatments for all psychological illnesses. However, it is critical to note that all models of psychopathology explain the causes and treatments for all psychological illnesses from a different approach. Based on your post, psychotherapy entails a specific type of learning in context with an emotional relationship, like therapeutic relationships. For that reason, I found readings for this week helpful since they gave me sufficient knowledge regarding psychotherapy. Indeed, this week's readings indicated that so much has evolved in the last few decades. Your post stated that Epigenetics research supported the idea of adverse psychosocial experiences associated with mental health disorders such as schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, and addiction (Jones et al., 2021). It is also essential to understand the meaning of Epigen ...
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