Showing Page:
1/3
The theory illustrated in this article is the health control locus theory (HCL), which is a
social theory that explains beliefs individuals have on what influences their health. The theory
describes individuals as externals or internals depending on their belief on the influence external
or internal factors have on their health. Internals believe to have internal influence on their health
from their personal behaviour while external believe their health is influenced by external factors
such as doctors and environment among others, fate or mere luck.
According to the article, the HCL, is critical in managing patients with diabetic wounds.
A patient perception on his illness affects his self-efficacy which consequently affects the patient
outcomes. HCL, in diabetic wound patients affects how they manage their care with patients with
strong internal belief of health having better outcomes of care. Patients with strong internal HCL
are associated with improved outcome in management for diabetes as they took better care and
approaches to wound management.
Improving patient perception of their health to reduce external beliefs of health, the
article identifies group therapy as one of the modalities of lowering beliefs on chance pertaining
health issues. Patients who had attended a group therapy session had reported reduced scores on
chance values in HCL. ( ) pinpointed the impact of an individual’s behaviours and health
belief on management of obesity. The study indicated that individuals with an increased self-
perception of health had better results in management as they demonstrated better responsibility
for their health. In the management of diabetes and other chronic diseases, better HCL is critical
as patients are easily involved in their day to day care and have an intrinsic motivation towards
improving their health outcomes.
Showing Page:
2/3
Article 2
The article addresses leadership theory of transformational leadership. Transformational
leadership is leadership where by the leader raises the group members or his followers to a high
level of motivation and success. Transformative leadership encourages the members to strive to
reach beyond their expectations, offers recognition and encourages them to go beyond their
expectations.
The article touches on various issues that have plagued leadership in nursing and explores
how nursing leadership can be instituted to provide effective management and motivation to the
staff and at the same time provide for empowerment and advancement of nursing.
Nurse leadership has evolved over the years from unprepared nurse leaders and poorly
designed nursing leadership hierarchies to a more empowered professionally led profession.
Transformational leadership is the most effective leadership style usable in nursing despite the
common assumption that no one style can be used on its own. Transformational leadership works
effectively for nursing.
The significance of transformational leadership in nursing cannot be understated as it
encompasses both the empowerment of the nursing staff, enabling them to develop qualities to
become better nurses, improves the service delivery through setting of clear achievable goals and
puts an emphasis on nursing having its place as a respected profession and an essential member
of the interdisciplinary team. Transformational leadership hence prepares nurses to grow their
ambitions and expand their abilities within the provided roles and scope of practice. Through the
proactive leadership in transformational leadership, nursing management can be transformed
from the maiden days of poorly managed nurses to fit into today’s dynamic health system.
Showing Page:
3/3
Article 3
The article describes two theories that are applicable in research on smoking cessation.
The trans-theoretical model and self-efficacy theory. The self-efficacy theory is a theory that
underpins an individual’s perception of likelihood to succeed in a behaviour as having an effect
on the likelihood of committing to the behaviour. Trans-theoretical model is a behaviour change
model that assesses an individual’s willingness to change behaviour and adopt a healthier
behaviour. The model provides strategies for behaviour change guiding the individual through
the stages of behaviour change.
The utilization of nursing theories in research is a crucial aspect of nursing research.
Inclusion of nursing theories for research informs research and provides for other disciplines
theories to use in research. The article mourns the lack of nursing theories in research on
cessation of smoking. The use of trans-theoretical model and self-efficacy (both theories of
psychology) in nursing research fails to meet such ends as in research targeting to identify
cessation of smoking in nursing-specific areas like for high risk patients. Researchers using
trans-theoretical models are described as having used the model partially possibly due to lack of
adequate understanding of the theory. Nurses ought to improve the inclusion of nursing theories
in such research to facilitate adequacy of research.
The use of implicit theories by researchers was common, however, implicit theories do
not offer consistency as the postulates of implicit theories change with the investigator hence
they lack a common ground. The variations in implicit theories, makes them unsuitable as they
cannot be adapted for application. There remains a need for properly developed nursing theories
to support research in the future not only in smoking cessation but across other areas of research.

Unformatted Attachment Preview

The theory illustrated in this article is the health control locus theory (HCL), which is a social theory that explains beliefs individuals have on what influences their health. The theory describes individuals as externals or internals depending on their belief on the influence external or internal factors have on their health. Internals believe to have internal influence on their health from their personal behaviour while external believe their health is influenced by external factors such as doctors and environment among others, fate or mere luck. According to the article, the HCL, is critical in managing patients with diabetic wounds. A patient perception on his illness affects his self-efficacy which consequently affects the patient outcomes. HCL, in diabetic wound patients affects how they manage their care with patients with strong internal belief of health having better outcomes of care. Patients with strong internal HCL are associated with improved outcome in management for diabetes as they took better care and approaches to wound management. Improving patient perception of their health to reduce external beliefs of health, the article identifies group therapy as one of the modalities of lowering beliefs on chance pertaining health issues. Patients who had attended a group therapy session had reported reduced scores on chance values in HCL. ( ) pinpointed the impact of an individual’s behaviours and health belief on management of obesity. The study indicated that individuals with an increased selfperception of health had better results in management as they demonstrated better responsibility for their health. In the management of diabetes and other chronic diseases, better HCL is critical as patients are easily involved in their day to day care and have an intrinsic motivation towards improving their health outcomes. Article 2 The article addresses leadership theory of transformational leadership. Transformational leadership is leadership where by the leader raises the group members or his followers to a high level of motivation and success. Transformative leadership encourages the members to strive to reach beyond their expectations, offers recognition and encourages them to go beyond their expectations. The article touches on various issues that have plagued leadership in nursing and explores how nursing leadership can be instituted to provide effective management and motivation to the staff and at the same time provide for empowerment and advancement of nursing. Nurse leadership has evolved over the years from unprepared nurse leaders and poorly designed nursing leadership hierarchies to a more empowered professionally led profession. Transformational leadership is the most effective leadership style usable in nursing despite the common assumption that no one style can be used on its own. Transformational leadership works effectively for nursing. The significance of transformational leadership in nursing cannot be understated as it encompasses both the empowerment of the nursing staff, enabling them to develop qualities to become better nurses, improves the service delivery through setting of clear achievable goals and puts an emphasis on nursing having its place as a respected profession and an essential member of the interdisciplinary team. Transformational leadership hence prepares nurses to grow their ambitions and expand their abilities within the provided roles and scope of practice. Through the proactive leadership in transformational leadership, nursing management can be transformed from the maiden days of poorly managed nurses to fit into today’s dynamic health system. Article 3 The article describes two theories that are applicable in research on smoking cessation. The trans-theoretical model and self-efficacy theory. The self-efficacy theory is a theory that underpins an individual’s perception of likelihood to succeed in a behaviour as having an effect on the likelihood of committing to the behaviour. Trans-theoretical model is a behaviour change model that assesses an individual’s willingness to change behaviour and adopt a healthier behaviour. The model provides strategies for behaviour change guiding the individual through the stages of behaviour change. The utilization of nursing theories in research is a crucial aspect of nursing research. Inclusion of nursing theories for research informs research and provides for other disciplines theories to use in research. The article mourns the lack of nursing theories in research on cessation of smoking. The use of trans-theoretical model and self-efficacy (both theories of psychology) in nursing research fails to meet such ends as in research targeting to identify cessation of smoking in nursing-specific areas like for high risk patients. Researchers using trans-theoretical models are described as having used the model partially possibly due to lack of adequate understanding of the theory. Nurses ought to improve the inclusion of nursing theories in such research to facilitate adequacy of research. The use of implicit theories by researchers was common, however, implicit theories do not offer consistency as the postulates of implicit theories change with the investigator hence they lack a common ground. The variations in implicit theories, makes them unsuitable as they cannot be adapted for application. There remains a need for properly developed nursing theories to support research in the future not only in smoking cessation but across other areas of research. Name: Description: ...
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.
Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4