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MGT 307 Final PAPER doc 4 use it as a guide only.




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1) Scientific methods models link _________________ - presumed causes,
with _________________ - outcomes, of practical value and interest.
A. independent variables, dependent
B. discovered variables, with undisclosed
C. proven variables, non-proven variables.
D. specific variables, contingency variables.
2) From its scientific heritage, organizational behavior has developed all of
the following EXCEPT:
A. an emphasis on finding the “one best way” to complete a
B. contingency thinking.
C. use of scientific methods.
D. an interdisciplinary body of knowledge.
3) Organizational behavior goals include all of the following EXCEPT:
A. improve the performance of people.
B. improve the level of organizational
C. improve the quality of overall work life.
D. improve the performance of organizations.
4) Managers can modify the __________ of culture, such as the language,
stories, rites, rituals, and sagas.
A. vocal aspects
B. oral aspects

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A. vocal aspects
C. verbal
D. visible
5) In the context of the three important levels of cultural analysis in
organizations, the level referred to as __________ can play a critical part in
linking people together and can provide a powerful motivational
mechanism for members of the culture.
A. shared values
B. common culture
C. implicit culture
D. observable
6) Which of the following statements about the management of
organizational culture is NOT correct?
A. good managers are able to help build resilient cultures in situations
where the features of strong cultures are absent.
B. corporate culture can be managed by using organizational
development techniques to modify specific elements of the culture that address
both external adaptation and internal integration.
C. dictate rules from the top of the organization.
D. corporate culture can be managed by directly modifying the
observable culture, shared values, and common assumptions that deal with
issues of external adaptation.
7) When it comes to ethics and morality, scholar Archie B. Carroll draws a
distinction between __________.
A. immoral managers, amoral managers and ethical managers
B. immoral managers, amoral managers and moral

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A. immoral managers, amoral managers and ethical managers
C. amoral managers, ethical managers and moral managers
D. immoral managers, ethical managers and unethical
8) According to the research conducted on the nature of managerial work,
which of the following is false?
A. managers work at fragmented and varied
B. managers spend much time working alone.
C. managers work with many communication
D. managers work long hours.
9) Common forms of unintentional ethics lapses that individuals should
guard against include all of the following EXCEPT:
A. prejudice that derives from unconscious stereotypes and attitudes.
B. favoring others who can benefit someone.
C. promoting people who excel in their respective positions.
D. claiming too much personal credit for one’s performance
10) Which of the following statements about the role of language in cross-
cultural communication is NOT correct?
A. Members of low-context cultures are very explicit in using the spoken
and written word.
B. Australia, Canada and the United States have low-context cultures.
C. In high-context cultures, must of the message communicated must be
inferred or interpreted from the context, which includes body language, the
physical setting and past relationships.

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