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ETHC445-Final-Answers

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ETHC445 Final Answers
ETHC445 Principles of Ethics - DeVry
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1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed
simply at the patient’s direction reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5)
2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of temperance? (Points : 5)
3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is that of the hasty conclusions. Hasty
conclusions consist of what? (Points : 5)
4. (TCO 2) Prescriptive language is commonly used in ethics for what reason? (Points : 5)
5. (TCOs 7, 8) Ethical Egoism proposes that all decisions should be made to promote what?
(Points : 5)
6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) Free people are motivated toward forming social structures according to a
social contract in order to overcome what problem identified by Thomas Hobbes? (Points : 5)
7. (TCOs 3, 6) Agricultural biofuels are not properly a renewable source of energy in the
environmental ethics debate. Which of the following also is not a renewable source of energy?
(Points : 5)
8. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) The notion that the only thing good without qualification is a good will is
attributed to whom? (Points : 5)
9. (TCOs 8, 9) Which ethical concept is organized and directed toward following the greatest
happiness principle? (Points : 5)
10. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Syllogisms in formal deductive logic are called “valid” when: (Points : 5)
11. (TCOs 1, 2) When choosing one course of action while working with a dilemma, the other
courses of action are lost and become unavailable. This makes ethical choices in dilemma
situations particularly what? (Points : 5)
12. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the role of conscience as Thomas Aquinas sees it? (Points : 5)
13. (TCOs 2, 8) The rule or principle to be applied in making decisions is an example of which
kind of ethical discovery process? (Points : 5)
14. (TCOs 1, 2, 5) The Social Contract theorist whose troubled childhood was most clearly
reflected in his theories was who? (Points : 5)
15. (TCOs 3, 6, 7) Kant’s concern that people choose to observe universal laws as their duty is
expressed through what actions? (Points : 5)
16. (TCOs 2, 7, 8) Aristotle’s Ethics of Virtue have found modern application for business and
industry through what practice? (Points : 5)
17. (TCOs 2, 8) Professional codes of conduct serve what function for business and industry?
(Points : 5)
18. (TCOs 2, 7) Aristotle’s Ethical Doctrine of the Mean measured personal virtues on a scale
that included the virtue itself, the excess of it, and the deficiency of it. If the virtue is COURAGE
and the deficiency is COWARDICE, what is the excess? (Points : 5)
19. (TCOs 8, 9) In personal or organizational conflict, what benefits accrue to all parties when a
leader or consultant employees one of the ethical conflict resolution models of Week 6? (Points :

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5)
20. (TCOs 1, 2) The Latin term a priori describes the origin of knowledge developed rationally,
and the term a posteriori describes knowledge developed through observation and experience.
What is an example of ethics is best described as discovered in an a postiori manner? (Points : 5)
Page 2
1. (TCOs 1, 2, 3, 7) In support of TCO #7 and in the Week 7 discussions, you developed and
placed into the threaded discussions your personalized ethics statement of what has become
important to you in the practice of ethics as you have practiced ethics during the course. Your
first task in this question is to briefly present that personalized statement in just a few sentences
before continuing with the question. Much of the rest of the exam will involve your working
with that personalized statement through brief applications and cases.
Use your ethical philosophy to solve the following ethical situation. Explain how your
philosophy helped you make your decision.
Should citizens have an ethical obligation to serve their country when it is at war? Under what
circumstances, if any, is it ethical for a person to refuse to serve?
A significant number of people believe war is always wrong, and that no circumstances justify
one nation’s taking up arms against another. Is this view ethically sound? How about
realistically? Please state which side you agree with, and why. Explain and defend your position
using your ethical position statement.
In answering, be sure to look at both sides of war: that is, a country defending itself against
aggression and of a strong country coming to the aid of a weaker country that has been attacked
unjustly. Then, explain how your ethical philosophy affected how you answered this problem.
(Points : 30)
2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) Analyze the following ethical situation using YOUR ethical philosophy. Read
the situation and then in your answer, explain why this is an ethical situation, what the “issues”
are, and how an “ethical” person would resolve them. Explain how YOUR ethical philosophy
has helped you read a conclusion about how to resolve or analyze this situation.
Employees’ worth to their employers may diminish before they are eligible for retirement. In
such cases, the employer is faced with the dilemma of choosing between retaining an old and
trusted yet unproductive worker for 5 or 10 more years, or firing that worker and jeopardizing his
or her retirement benefits. 1. Should an employer have an ethical obligation to keep such
unproductive, but loyal employees? What if the employee had been a problem his or her entire
career? Are there certain circumstances where your answer to these questions would be
different? 2. What is the duty of an unproductive employee to his or her employer? Is there an
ethical obligation to retire when productivity begins to wane? If a person is simply “coasting” for
his or her last few years, is that person “unethical?” Be sure to explain your answer. (Points : 30)
3. (TCOs 1, 7, 9) How do you feel St. Thomas Aquinas would have solved the above ethical
situation differently or the same as you did using your philosophy? Please explain the reasons for
the similarities or differences. (Points : 40)
4. (TCOs 1, 2, 4, 9) A first-term junior senator has placed a bill before the Senate that promises
to correct tax inequities that affect thousands of workers. However, the bill is being held up in
committee. The senior senator who serves as Sub-Committee Chairperson is responsible. The
senator, however, has learned of a secret scandal in the Chairperson’s personal life. The junior
senator visits the Chairperson and tells him that unless the bill is released from committee, he
will divulge the scandal to the press.

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ETHC445 Final Answers ETHC445 Principles of Ethics - DeVry DOWNLOAD Page 1 1. (TCOs 2, 4, 5, 6) The idea that the assisted suicide of terminally ill patients should be allowed simply at the patient’s direction reflects what type of ethics? (Points : 5) 2. (TCOs 1, 2, 7) What is the moral ideal of temperance? (Points : 5) 3. (TCOs 1, 2) One of the common errors in Ethics is that of the hasty conclusions. Hasty conclusions consist of what? (Points : 5) 4. (TCO 2) Prescriptive language is commonly used in ethics for what reason? (Points : 5) 5. (TCOs 7, 8) Ethical Egoism proposes that all decisions should be made to promote what? (Points : 5) 6. (TCOs 2, 4, 9) Free people are motivated toward forming social structures according to a social contract in order to overcome what problem identified by Thomas Hobbes? (Points : 5) 7. (TCOs 3, 6) Agricultural biofuels are not properly a renew ...
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