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1)Compare and contrast the patterns of sprawl,edge cities, gates com

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1)Compare and contrast the patterns of sprawl,edge cities,
gates communities, and common-interest development
2)Define spraw and discuss its implication\'s in today\'s
American and Canadian cities
3)How do economic forces shape the transformations of
cities throughout unites states?
Solution
Characteristics of Sprawl
The phenomenon of sprawl has been described in various
ways, ranging from development aesthetics to local street
patterns (Galster et al., 2001). While there is no
universally accepted definition of sprawling land
development, there are several common characteristics
pervading the literature that can help us understand and
even measure its occurrence. These include:
ong> Low-density, single family dwellings. The most
frequently cited feature of sprawl is the abundance of
large-lot (usually 1-5 acres depending on the development
context), residential housing developments that consume
large amounts of previously vacant or productive land.
Density, in this sense, can be represented by median lot

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size, the number of dwelling units per neighborhood, or
median floor space of single-family units (Song & Knaap,
2004).
2)Automobile dependency even for short trip. Because
sprawling development patterns create large distances
between dwelling units and segregate different land uses,
residents are forced to rely on automobiles at the expense
of alternative forms of transportation. Also, the cul-de-sac
dominated street patterns within these neighborhoods
foster a lack of connectivity and serve as an obstacle for
walking and biking to nearby destinations (Benfield et al.,
1999). Reliance on the automobile also encourages the
development of homogeneous neighborhoods that lack a
mixture of land uses (Song & Knaap, 2004).
3)Spiraling growth outward from existing urban
centers.Sprawl is also conceptualized as low-density
development rapidly expanding away from more compact
urban cores. Approximately 80 percent of the acreage
used for recently constructed housing in the U.S. is land
outside urban areas; almost all of this land (94%) is in lots
of 1 acre or larger (Heimlich & Anderson, 2001).
4)Leapfrogging patterns of development. Another well-
known characteristic of sprawl is dispersed development,
which favors the development of parcels situated further
out in the countryside over the vacant lands adjacent to

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1)Compare and contrast the patterns of sprawl,edge cities, gates communities, and common-interest development 2)Define spraw and discuss its implication \'s in today\'s American and Canadian cities 3)How do economic forces shape the transformations of cities throughout unites states? Solution Characteristics of Sprawl The phenomenon of sprawl has been described in various ways, ranging from development aesthetics to local street patterns (Galster et al., 2001). While there is no universally accepted definition of sprawling land development, there are several common characteristics pervading the literature that can help us understand and even measure its occurrence. These include: ong> Low-density, single family dwellings. The most frequently cited feature of sprawl is the abundance of large-lot (usually 1-5 acres depending on the development context), residential housing developments that consume large amounts of previously vacant or productive land. Density, in this sense, can be represented by median lot size, the number of dwelling units per neighborhood, or median floor space of single-family units (Song & Knaap, 2004). 2)Automobile dependency even for short trip. Because s ...
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