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Exam: 050137RR - LESSON 3: ANCIENT, CLASSICAL, AND MEDIEVAL ART
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Questions 1 to 20: Select the best answer to each question. Note that a
question and its answers may be split across a page
break, so be sure that you have seen the entire question and all the answers
before choosing an answer.
1. Which of the following religious groups was the focus of attacks by European
Christians during the
Crusades?
A. Muslims
B. Jews
C. Catholics
D. Buddhists
2. In 313 A.D., Constantine the Great caused a significant change to be made in
the daily life of many
Romans. In that year, he declared that
A. Christianity was legal.
B. aristocratic privileges would be abolished.
C. travel was possible anywhere within the Empire.
D. gladiatorial games would be reinstated.
3. Which of the following ancient Egyptian artworks is not carved from stone?
A. Mycerinus and His Queen, Kha-Merer-Nebty II
B. the Second Coffin of Tutankhamen
C. Queen Nefertiti from Tell-el-Amarna
D. Akhenaton from a pillar statue in the Temple of Amen-Re
4. Roman paintings in stone that have best stood the test of time are
A. oculus.
B. mosaics.
C. frescoes.
D. sosus.
5. Mosaics are made of
A. tiny pieces of colored stone or tiles.
B. panels of color.
C. columns of light.
D. shells and colored sea glass.
6. A pointed arch, ribbed vaults, exterior buttresses, and stained glass describe
_______ architecture.

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A. Byzantine
B. Romanesque
C. Gothic
D. Classical
7. Which pharaoh built the Great Sphinx?
A. Akhenaton
B. Mycerinus
C. Tutankhamen
D. Chephren
8. If you were a citizen in ancient Greece and decided to travel from Pergamon
to Troy, you
A. would sail across the Mediterranean Sea.
B. could do so by land or by sea.
C. could only do so by sea.
D. would travel over 500 miles by sea.
9. If you were a citizen in ancient Rome and you decided to worship in the
Pantheon, you would do so
because you were interested in worshipping
A. the most powerful Roman gods and goddesses.
B. Apollodorus, Nike of Samothrace, and Discobolos.
C. Athena and Poseidon.
D. all of the Roman deities.
10. Typically, the art of the early Angles and Saxons consists primarily of
A. simple lines and shading.
B. idealized portraits of gods.
C. realistic portraits of humans.
D. intricate and colorful patterns.
11. Which type of artwork developed and flourished during the Roman Classical
period?
A. Mural painting
B. Realistic portrait busts
C. Stained-glass windows
D. Colorful ceramics
12. Among the remarkable features of the Pantheon in Rome is the fact that
A. the rotunda's diameter equals the building's height.
B. at the top of the dome is a closed reculus.
C. it was erected in Rome in 113.
D. it's built entirely in the Roman style of building.
13. The Hagia Sophia in Constantinople is a remarkable example of
A. a church transformed into a mosque.

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B. a mosque that was transformed into a church.
C. a mosque that dates from the seventh century.
D. early Gothic architecture.
14. Which of the following components of the architecture of the Romans was
used extensively in the
eleventh century in Medieval Europe in the construction of castles, fortresses,
churches, and monasteries?
A. Pointed arch
B. Round arch
C. Architrave
D. Flying buttress
15. Which of the following architectural features is not typically Gothic?
A. Flying buttress
B. Ribbed vault
C. Pointed arch
D. Massive rotunda
16. A state of enlightenment and never-ending bliss in Buddhism is called
A. Nirvana.
B. Mahayana.
C. Tipitaka.
D. Theravada.
17. Which of the following commissioned the great bronze doors of St. Michael's
at Hildesheim in
Germany?
A. Brunelleschi
B. Donatello
C. Bonaventura Berlinghieri
D. Bishop Bernward
18. The art and architecture of medieval Italy is much different from that of the
rest of Europe because
they generally didn't use
A. mosaic.
B. stained glass windows.
C. fresco.
D. arches.
19. A pyramid is an Egyptian
A. catacomb.
B. tomb.
End of exam
C. arena.

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