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AED 202 Reading and Writing Development

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Reading and Writing Development
AED 202 Child Development
Reading and writing are imperative in learning and especially during the early school
years. All children must develop literacy skills, which is the ability to read and write. It is
important to introduce literacy development before a child’s third birthday. During the
preschool years, children will become more aware and interested in words and how they
are used to represent thoughts. In Kindergarten, children will begin to dictate
stories. Two different levels of reading and writing development I found interesting was
Kindergarten and third grade. Kindergarten is the beginning of a child’s academic
process. In third grade children utilize what they have learned in Kindergarten through
2nd grade and begin to take standardized tests. The table below describes the
development skills both a child in Kindergarten and 3
rd
grade should have developed
before promoting to the next grade.
Kindergarten
3
rd
Grade
Physical and Motor Development (i.e. gripping a writing
tool, using scissors, tracing a line, climbing stairs)
Decoding and Oral Fluency Skills (the ability to read
single syllable words, break down longer words,
recognize common word patterns)
Language Development (Identify some letters of the
alphabet, know some letter sounds, identify beginning
sounds of some words)
Reading Comprehension and Vocabulary (knowledge
of text structures, pinpoint the main idea and supporting
details, distinguish fact vs. opinion)
Approach to Learning (Show interest in books and
reading, listen to age-appropriate story without
interrupting, understand the difference between real
and pretend)
Writing and Spelling Skills (apply all steps of the writing
process, use reference materials, produce a solid
paragraph with a topic sentence)
Children go through different developmental stages when learning to read and
write. Kindergarten is a critical year for a child. In order for a child to be successful
throughout their academic years, it begins in Kindergarten. Kindergarteners normally
have a great variation in their writing experiences prior to coming to school. Some may

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be comfortable using markers and crayons and others may have had fewer opportunities
to use writing utensils. In reading some children may have been introduced to books
and may have several that are their favorite, however some children are not familiar with
reading. Children learn at different rates and in Kindergarten, most children should learn
listening skills, talking, reading, and writing. In the classroom, it is important to instruct
the new learners how to listen and follow oral directions. This will encourage them to
listen and understand age appropriate stories that are read aloud. After the story is
read, the student should be able to engage in simple conversation about the
story. During discussion, the student should be able to retell the story or parts of the
story and recall events. When promoting reading in the classroom the student explain
that reading a book entails reading from the front to the back, top to bottom, and left to
right. The student will learn that spoken words are made up of speech sounds and
some words may rhyme, for example, cat rhymes with hat. It is important to help the
student understand that some words have the same sounds such as sun, soup, and
sand. It is important to help the child differentiate the differences between the
words. Children will begin to identify upper case and lower case letters. This promotes
the writing skills in the student such as writing their first and last name. After a story is
read, the student can practice writing skills by drawing a picture that tells the story and
write words about the pictures. When teaching reading skills the child should learn
rhyming words and blend separate sounds to form words. This will help the student
when beginning to learn how to read independently. At the end of the Kindergarten year
the student should have acquired all of the skills that will help them enter into the next
grade.
During the 1
st
and 2
nd
grade years, the student should have acquired more skills that
help with reading and writing development. The third grade year is a very important year
as most children begin standardized testing in this year. The result of the standardized
test determines if the child promotes to the next grade, which is a big difference from
Kindergarten to 3
rd
grade. The third grade year is a pivotal year for literacy. Third
graders are expected to have basic reading and writing skills and begin to apply those
skills in a variety of academic contexts. These students are expected to read grade level
material aloud fluently and use prosody to convey expression and punctuation with
appropriate pacing. Reading comprehension becomes imperative in third grade as child
move from “learning to read” to “reading to learn”. In this stage, children are expected to
have solid reading comprehension skills for a variety of text structures. The third grader
should be able to determine the main idea and supporting details, distinguish fact vs.

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Reading and Writing Development AED 202 Child Development Reading and writing are imperative in learning and especially during the early school years.  All children must develop literacy skills, which is the ability to read and write.  It is important to introduce literacy development before a child’s third birthday.  During the preschool years, children will become more aware and interested in words and how they are used to represent thoughts.  In Kindergarten, children will begin to dictate stories.  Two different levels of reading and writing development I found interesting was Kindergarten and third grade.  Kindergarten is the beginning of a child’s academic process.  In third grade children utilize what they have learned in Kindergarten through 2nd grade and begin to take standardized tests.  The table below describes the development skills both a child in Kindergarte ...
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