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IT 240 Week 6 Checkpoint Vocabulary Checkpoint

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Axia College Material
Appendix F
Vocabulary Table
Define five of the key terms listed in the Vocabulary Table.
Term Definition
Windows
An operating system created by Microsoft with a
graphical user interface
Processor
A processor is the logic circuitry that responds to and
processes the basic instructions that drive a computer.
RAM
RAM (random access memory) is the place in a
computer where the operating system, application
programs, and data in current use are kept so that they
can be quickly reached by the computer's processor
ROM
ROM is an acronym for Read-Only Memory. It refers
to computer memory chips containing permanent or
semi-permanent data.
Drives
A driver acts like a translator between the device and
programs that use the device
Video systems
It is what shows the quality of systems displays.
Pointing devices
A mouse
Network card
Help connect a computer to a network
User mode
An operation exercised by the user programs of a
computer system in which privileged instructions that
is not permitted.
Kernel mode
A mode in which there is direct access to all hardware
and
all memory including the address space of all user-
mode processes.
I/O manager
Manages input from and delivers output to the file
systems, device
drivers, and software cache
Process manager
Creates and terminates processes and threads.
IPC manager
Manages communications between clients and servers
Power manager
Controls power management
Windows manager
The Window Manager will control window displays
and manages screen output and receives input from
devices such as the keyboard and mouse.
Object manager
Creates, manages, and deletes objects that represent
operating system
resources such as processes, threads, and data
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structures
Device driver
Programs that controls device.
FAT
The File Allocation Table of contents of a computer
disk which tells what sectors are used for what file
FAT32
It describes a 32bit operating system
NTFS
A file system for the Windows NT family operating
systems (OSs) designed for both the server and
workstation
CDFS
A file system for Linux systems that `exports' all
tracks and boot images on a CD as normal files
Volumes
Identifiable unit of data storage
IPC
Manages communications between clients and servers
LPC
Manages communications when clients
and servers exist on the same computer
COM
A domain name
Work groups
Groups of programs that work together
Windows NT
Windows NT is a Microsoft Windows personal
computer operating system designed for users and
businesses needing advanced capability.
Domain
A identification label that defines a realm of
administrative control in the Internet
The four domain models
Single, Master, Multiple Master, Complete trust
Active directory
A service that combines domains
OU
OU stands for organizational units and are used to hold
users, groups, computers, and is considered a container
that logically organizes and group Active Directory
objects within domains.
Objects
Distinct, named set of attributes or characteristics
that represent a network resource, including
computers, people, groups, and printers.
Schema
A structure described in a formal language supported
by the DBMS
Forest
Has “trees” connected by two-way, transitive trust
relationships
which allow users to access resources
User group
A collection of users who have user accounts in groups
Group accounts
A group is a collection of user accounts
Home directories
A Home directory is a file system directory on a multi-
user operating system containing files for a given user
of the system.
User profiles
A user profile is a collection of personal data
associated to a specific user
Global groups
A group consisting of all the tasks (or PEs) in the MPP
partition
Universal groups
Has universal domains
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Policies
Operating principles of how users and computers
operate in a domain
Rights and permissions
Given rights or permission to change things on a
network or just on a computer in general
Client software
Software that allows access to a network.
TCP/IP
A description framework for computer network
protocols.
IPCONFIG
A utility that allows you to get the address of a
windows computer.
Share permissions
You can control access to shared resources with a
variety of methods
Event viewer
A utility for viewing and managing logs of system,
program,
and security events
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