Origins of human society

School: Ashford University           Price: $5.00 USD

Document Description

Objectives:

1. Understand the origins of the human race and human society.
2. Understand the origins and development of the first civilizations in the Middle East. 3. Understand the origins of major institutions of civilization—agriculture, government,

religion, and social classes—in the first civilizations of North Africa and the Middle East.


Study Questions:

1. How did the human race and human society develop?
2. Why did civilization develop in the area now known as the Middle East?
2. How did major institutions, such as agriculture, government, and religion develop,

around 10,000 BC?
3. What were the major contributions of the following empires of the Middle East:

Sumer, Assyria, Babylonia, Egypt, Phoenicia, and Israel?

Written By

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Ashford University
Surname 1AuthorTutorCourseDateStudy QuestionsQuestion1There exist a bitter controversy between theologians and scientists concerning the originof humankind and the world with each group holding distinct views and beliefs concerning theorigin of the human race and human society. Theologians postulate that human beings and theworld were created by a supreme being who is deemed to have existed a long time beforecreation. According to Wade and Nicholas (45), God created various elements including plantsand animals and everything we see in it. He later created humans in his image and likelinessexplaining the origin of both humanity and the globe.However, scientists differ with this view and have come up with a number of theories toexplain the root of both humankind and the universe. Wade and Nicholas (45) postulate that thehuman race is a result of evolution catalyzed by the actual changes and the need for survival asexpressed in Darwins law of survival. Darwin proposes that the human race evolved from theape family and underwent some changes to the present day people also referred to as the Homosapiens sapiens.Surname 2Question 2According to Goldschmidt, Arthur, and Aomar (87), civilization arose in an area referredto as the Fertile Crescent, which is a stretch from the Mediterranean Sea to the ZagrosMountains. However, a remarkable aspect of civilization involving powerful empires and someof the greatest cities and towns can be traced back to Meso
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