Liars and Outliers, Chapter 5 -- Societal Dilemmas

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Liars and Outliers
Chapter 5 -- Societal Dilemmas
Bruce Schneier is a recognized expert in Cryptography and computer security. Recently he has started to examine the basis of security itself -- the nature of trust. One could argue that this is the same thing that ethics concerns itself with. He uses the language of Game Theory rather than ethics to discuss the same dilemmas that ethics deals with. Game Theory is the study of "winning strategies." Read Chapter 5 of his book, Liars and Outliers and answer the following questions.
1. How is the Prisoner's Dilemma affected by the relationship between Bob and Alice? Does it seem different if you view Bob and Alice as buyer and seller instead of partners in crime? What type of relationship would make Bob and Alice more likely to cooperate? This is a general question, don't discuss specific relationships. Explain. (To clarify, I'm looking for an attribute of a relationship that would be more likely to promote trust.)
2. In a Tragedy of the

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Allan Hancock College
Running Head: SOCIETAL DILEMMASLiars and OutliersStudents Name:Course:Date:SOCIETAL DILEMMAS1. The relationship between Bob and Alice affects the prisoners Dilemma in that there is no trustbetween the two, both parties are more driven by personal interest than the group norm. Theresult of lack of trust leads to each spending five extra years in prison.If bob acted as a buyer andAlice as the seller, then there would be a difference. The two should act as two traders in a battertrade, each trusting the goods offered by the other.2. An individual does not get harmed by cooperating with the group when we assume that othersgroup members also do cooperate. This is because no member of the group is making their owndecisions since they all cooperate and so all the group members enjoy equal shares.3. Short term thinking would not induce individual cooperation with the group
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