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HUM 111 Week Nine DQS




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Week Nine
Using your favorite Internet search engine, search for commencement speeches. Watch,
read, and listen to a few commencement speeches presented. Pick your favorite
commencement speech and address the following: Do you think the ideas or messages were
presented in a persuasive and effective manner? Provide at least one example to support
your opinion.
I listened to a few speeches but went back to my original thoughts of finding the commencement
address given by Jodie Foster in 2006, for the graduating class at University of Pennsylvania, (Foster,
2006). I believe Jodie Foster’s speech was very effective and persuasive. She was realistic in her
message saying that for the first six months after graduating she was curled up in bed (mind you that’s
certainly an option she can afford) watching television re-runs after graduating from Yale. She said, and I
will have to paraphrase, “You won’t remember one single test question in a few months.” She dismissed
the standard platitudes given at these events as “elitist crap.” I couldn’t agree more! Her no nonsense
approach to the accomplishments of a higher education and how character is defined, recognized, and
developed, coupled with her message of reality was well received and I know appreciated by this listener.
Excellent advise from her speech follows:
Use this education to become someone you ARE…..not someone you’re NOT.”
Foster, J. (2006, June). 2006 Penn Commencement - Jodie Foster . Retrieved November 29, 2010, from
You Tube:
Think of something you would like to persuade others to believe or agree with you. Which
techniques should you use to present those ideas and persuade your audience effectively?
Which approaches would you use to communicate those ideas effectively in speech and in
One thing I would like to persuade others to believe is that there is intelligent life on other planets. The
first technique I would use is to respect my audience. Instead of getting an attitude when someone
disagrees, it's better to calmly discuss the reasons why. Then I would begin with something familiar to
make a good first impression on my audience. Selecting the appropriate tone would be next to avoid
any confusion of my mood or attitude. Possibly the most important is to emphasize the evidence for
my views then to answer any significant objections. In order to communicate those ideas effectively in
speeches, the main things to remember are to organize the material, plan the speech with an outline,
and practice delivering the speech. In writing, it should have unity, coherence, emphasis, and
development. In addition, planning, drafting, revising, and editing should be involved to avoid errors
along with developing a readable style.
Why is it important to know your audience when presenting ideas?
The book states that the reason for knowing your audience is to determine what they know, what they
don't know, and what their opinions are on a topic. I think that pretty much sums it up. It's important
to know what the audience knows in order to find out how to present your ideas, what to include, and
who the ideas are going to.. You wouldn't want to give an entire speech on a topic everyone was
already familiar with. It would cause them to get bored. Determining what the audience doesn't know
is equally beneficial because it allows you to inform them on a subject. Knowing your audience also

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lets you understand the opinions they may have towards something. If you are going to
present reasons why drugs should be illegal, you probably will have a harder time with an audience
full of people who oppose that. Most likely, the majority has already formed an opinion and will be
difficult to convince otherwise.
Of the two techniques used when anticipating an audience’s reaction—brainstorming and
imaginary-dialogue—which do you prefer to use? Explain why.
When looking at the material provided in the text book, I think that the brainstorming technique would
work the best for me when anticipating an audience reaction. The reason I say that is because when
brainstorming I am thinking of all the possible objectives that my audience may have to my solution
and I can work out the details for their objections then. The problem for me with imaginary-dialog
technique is that, even though imagining myself discussing the solution is by far a good idea, I am
affraid that I would focus on the wrong objective and then when they gave their objective I would not
be prepared to discuss my side without sounding like a babbling idiot. I am sure that I could think of
one, but I would be nervous about it. I would be more comfortable if I aimed for more possible
objections and taking it from there.
Ch. 15 presents six guidelines to help you build better writing habits and developing a
readable style. How can you use these guidelines to improve your academic writing?
What is important for each of us to know that the use of guidelines can develop a style that fits your
personality in contrast can promote a sense of simplicity in writing. The strength that confronts our ability
to comprehend what we want to convey either in a story, speech and or writing assignment. What I had
found through out the chapters pertaining to improvement of writing styles is that organization and having
a sense to where you want to go and how to get the reader to understand the information given. What I
don't understand and I still having a little problem adjusting to the use of using APA formatting. It does
help with editing, proof reading and revising can make a paper look tighter, that way the reader and or
instructor can fully understand what was is said.

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