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Accounting

Acc 280 Financial Analysis Coca Cola and PepsiCo

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Acc 280 Financial Analysis Coca Cola and PepsiCo
My analysis on this paper was derived from this year’s numbers of both
companies because I wasn’t able to get their averages because of data
limitations. My paper contains information about the attempt I made in
analyzing the biggest corporation in the beverage industry and these are
PepsiCo, Inc. and The Coca-Cola Company. The type of analysis I did
was vertical analysis which others may know of as a common-size
analysis. Using this technique means that every item in the financial
statement is expressed as one part of another base figure. The
equations used in my analysis include the assets account and its base
account which was Total Assets, liabilities and stockholders equity had
its base as their stockholders equity and total liabilities, last, income
statement had its base containing the accounts for their net revenues
and sales. In this paper is my version of a horizontal analysis, it involves
and evaluation of all the financial statements I have a hold of over the
course of time. Behind this analysis is a purpose and it determines all
the changes that took place in those figures over the years.
Representation for these changes may come as different amounts or
percentage changes.
With the thorough examination I did on the financial reports, I gathered
from these two beverage industry giants my analysis came out like this:
In general, I saw improvements in all their figures over the years from
the two different analysis techniques that I used on the excel sheet that I
had which are Horizontal and Vertical (Trend).
The figures present in Pepsi Corporation’s balance sheet showed a rise
in the years 2004 to 2005; an apparent decrease of the current ratio of
the company in these same years can be attributed to the slightly
stagnant growth of their current assets compared to their growing current
liabilities figures.
Contrary to that, Coca-Cola experienced a decrease in their current
assets in the years 2004 to 2005 from $12,281 to $10,250, and a

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decrease in their liabilities on those same years where from $11,133 for
2004 to $9,386 for 2005.
In the inventories account for Pepsi Cola, an increase was recorded from
2004 to 2005 which showed $1,541 to $1,693, it is a good sign for the
company because it shows that they are improving in terms of their
turnover ratio and the days their inventories last. Many times, a high
inventory number would be a bad thing for a company to have, but there
are cases where it could be beneficial to them especially when they try
to meet the demands of their customers.
The Coca-Cola Company also had an increase in their inventory figures
in the years 2004 and 2005, $1,420 and $1,424, respectively. The
figures tell us that the management of this company doesn’t expect more
than their industry counterpart.
In the cash and cash equivalents account of PepsiCo, it showed an
increase in the years 2004-2005 at $1,280 to $1,716 increasing 34.06%.
Their accounts receivable also increased in the same years they were at
$2,999 to $3,261. The same increase result happened to their sales from
the year 2004-2005 which had figures of $29,261 to $32,562 showing an
11.28% increase. All the figures in the PepsiCo inventory account tells us
that the demand for their product has increased and this is their way to
cope with this increase. The reason behind the increase in their cash
and cash equivalents account can be attributed to the strict credit policy
that they have recently applied. The increase of purchases in cash also
can be attributed to the larger demand for their products.
The situation is different in Coca-Cola, their cash and cash equivalents
accounts experienced a 29.91% decrease in 2004 and 2005 (from
$6,707 to $4,701). Their accounts receivable account had an 8.2%
increase in the year 2004 and 2005 (from $2,244 to $2,281) and their
sales also had increased after the years end in 2004-2005 that was at
$21,742 to $23,104 showing a 6.26% increase.
Based on the sales figures of both companies, Pepsi has grabbed a
larger share of the market for the past years, which means that Coca-
Cola should strive harder to get their share of the market back to
increase their competitiveness.
The retained earnings are their total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
which experienced a decrease since their 66.92% in 2004 had dropped

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Anonymous
Had to paraphrase some of the content but overall, really useful material.

Anonymous
Just what I needed… fantastic!

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