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LAW 421 Role and Functions of Law Paper-Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc

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LAW 421 Role and Functions of Law Paper-Cipollone v. Liggett
Group, Inc
Role and Functions of Law Paper
LAW/421
In case 2.1 Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., Cipollone filed a lawsuit against
Liggett for violation of “several New Jersey consumer protection statutes
alleging that Liggett (and other cigarette manufacturers) were liable for his
mothers death because they engaged in a course of conduct including false
advertising, fraudulently misrepresenting the hazards of smoking, and
conspiracy to deprive the public of medical and scientific information about
smoking.”
Law plays an important role in society because it helps maintain social control
and it also protects people. Laws help resolve disputes and can act like a set of
rules to abide by, it creates order in society so that the citizens know what is and
is not acceptable. When people not obeying the law are moved out of society
because of a court order, the citizens feel that justice was served and feel safer
in their community.

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Law also plays an important role in business. Companies large and small rely on
the law to protect their business. Laws specifically are put in place to protect
businesses from lawsuit from consumers, vendors and suppliers. Not only does
business law protect but it also helps generate more sales because business law
is also used through contracts and agreements with other companies, vendors,
suppliers etc. Agreements that are enforced keep a business stable and on track,
it also acts as a back up when there is a disagreement.
There are several rules, regulations and laws that are in effect at my current
place of employment. The most important law if our privacy law. Working at an
insurance company gives employees access to several types of personal
information such as home address, social security numbers, bank account
information, vehicle information and so forth. With a click of a button we can
have access to personal information. At the beginning of each year my employer
has all employees take a mandatory class and sign a mandatory agreement
which basically explains that all access of personal information must be used for
business purpose only. My employer insures celebrities as well, if an agreement

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was not in place, employees can access personal information such as an address
or phone numbers for celebrities or famous people
Resource: Case Brief Cipollone v. Liggett Group, Inc., et al. in Ch. 2, section 2-
6, “Commerce Powers,” of the text
Law is used in many forms throughout the nation. Many companies use law to
ensure they stay in compliance with state laws, where others use it in society to
function. Each person may use law in their workplace and not even know it.
This essay will discuss the role of law in business and society and how I have
used the role of law in my past job.
In business law is often used in larger businesses to make sure the company
stays in compliance with all the states laws. Large companies often keep what is
called “in-house” counsel on the payroll in a position such as vice president or
general counsel because of “extraordinary regulatory burdens such as
complying with the securities or patent laws” (melvin, 2011, p. 7). Depending
on the size of the company the general counsel may also have additional
attorneys that he or she supervises. Other companies may just have a lawyer on
retainer to advise them in business ventures or legal paperwork such as an
acquisition. “These attorneys devote a significant amount of their professional
time to advising businesses on issues such as formation, governance, labor and
employment laws, regulatory agency compliance, legal transactions, intellectual
property, and other legal issues important to business operations”. These
lawyers focus on business and rarely perform other task. “Law firms vary
greatly in size from one or just a few lawyers in a local or regional practice, to
those firms that have hundreds of lawyers spread throughout the globe” (melvin,
2011, p. 7).
In society law is used in two forms either criminal or civil law. “Civil laws are
designed to compensate parties (including businesses) for losses as a result of
anothers conduct.These losses are known as damages” (melvin, 2011, p. 18).
“Criminal laws are a protection of society, and the Violation of criminal laws
results in penalties to the violator such as fines or imprisonment” (melvin, 2011,
p. 18).Civil law would be used if one let someone live with another for an
agreed amount, but they did not pay that amount one can take them to court for
the amount to be paid. An example where Criminal law would be used is if a
drunk driver injured someone while driving drunk. “He can be prosecuted by
authorities, and committed a civil wrong (negligence) for which the driver can

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