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Running head: PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING 1
A Qualitative Study of Patients’ Attitude towards HIV Testing
Student Name:
Institutional Affiliation:
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PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING 2
Introduction
Even though HIV infection rates and HIV-related deaths are on decrease in the last one
decade, it still remains an epidemic in the world. The number of people in USA living with HIV
is estimated to be 1.1 million. The statistics shows that out of five USA citizens, one is not aware
of his HIV status. US government has put in place measures to curb HIV spread through
diagnosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC (2010) recommended free HIV test
for all patient aged 13 years to 64 years in all health care centers in order to enhance early
diagnosis and treatment of people living with HIV AIDS. However, many patients are not
diagnosed early enough hence do not receive appropriate medical care to avert the risk of early
deaths resulting to HIV disease. This qualitative piece will take place before the planned actual
study. The aim of this research study is to examine patients’ attitude towards HIV testing.
Aim of the Study
i. Do patients have attitude towards HIV testing?
ii. Is the attitude positive or negative?
iii. In the last 6 months, how many patients’ have visited VCT clinics?
Sample and Selection
A total of 60 patients from McLean hospital, Mayo clinic, and Menninger clinic will be
randomly sampled from patients registering for various clinics in the three hospitals. Patients will
be approached from waiting bay and briefed of the research study to take place and its benefits,
then invited to complete interviews.
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PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING 3
Data Collection Method(S)
Primary data collection method for the study is interviewing process. Data collection
method will involve one on one interview with the participant. Since the research study is
qualitative, interviews were preferred to other methods of data collection.
Qualitative Vs. Quantitative Study
The study can be conducted quantitatively as well by using questionnaire method of data
collection. Categorical data collected is then converted to numerical data using a likert scale.
Importance of Study results
The result of the research study will be used to enlighten the citizens on the importance of
regular HIV testing and counseling. In addition, the study results will aim at reducing
stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS.
Limitations and difficulties of the study
One of the limitations during the study is the size of the data sampled. A sample of 60
participants will not be a good representative of the whole population. To reduce sample size
bias, large sample of participants’ should be conducted through voluntary online surveys.
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PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING 4
Reference
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).(2010). “CDC’s HIV prevention progress in
the US,”; http://www.cdc .gov/vitalsigns/pdf/2010-11-30-vitalsigns.pdf

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Running head: PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING A Qualitative Study of Patients’ Attitude towards HIV Testing Student Name: Institutional Affiliation: 1 PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING Introduction Even though HIV infection rates and HIV-related deaths are on decrease in the last one decade, it still remains an epidemic in the world. The number of people in USA living with HIV is estimated to be 1.1 million. The statistics shows that out of five USA citizens, one is not aware of his HIV status. US government has put in place measures to curb HIV spread through diagnosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, CDC (2010) recommended free HIV test for all patient aged 13 years to 64 years in all health care centers in order to enhance early diagnosis and treatment of people living with HIV AIDS. However, many patients are not diagnosed early enough hence do not receive appropriate medical care to avert the risk of early deaths resulting to HIV disease. This qualitative piece will take place before the planned actual study. The aim of this research study is to examine patients’ attitude towards HIV testing. Aim of the Study i. Do patients have attitude towards HIV testing? ii. Is the attitude positive or negative? iii. In the last 6 months, how many patients’ have visited VCT clinics? Sample and Selection A total of 60 patients from McLean hospital, Mayo clinic, and Menninger clinic will be randomly sampled from patients registering for various clinics in the three hospitals. Patients will be approached from waiting bay and briefed of the research study to take place and its benefits, then invited to complete interviews. 2 PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING Data Collection Method(S) Primary data collection method for the study is interviewing process. Data collection method will involve one on one interview with the participant. Since the research study is qualitative, interviews were preferred to other methods of data collection. Qualitative Vs. Quantitative Study The study can be conducted quantitatively as well by using questionnaire method of data collection. Categorical data collected is then converted to numerical data using a likert scale. Importance of Study results The result of the research study will be used to enlighten the citizens on the importance of regular HIV testing and counseling. In addition, the study results will aim at reducing stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS. Limitations and difficulties of the study One of the limitations during the study is the size of the data sampled. A sample of 60 participants will not be a good representative of the whole population. To reduce sample size bias, large sample of participants’ should be conducted through voluntary online surveys. 3 PATIENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIV TESTING Reference Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).(2010). “CDC’s HIV prevention progress in the US,”; http://www.cdc .gov/vitalsigns/pdf/2010-11-30-vitalsigns.pdf 4 Name: Description: ...
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