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Biochemistry for medical laboratory science

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Biochemistry for Medical Laboratory Science Chapter 1: Introduction Biochemistry   Biological Chemistry Study of chemistry of the living organism. Includes biomolecules, and biochemical reactions. Four Biomolecules of the body 1. Proteins 2. Carbohydrates 3. ZxzLipids 4. Nucleic Acids 1 Base on the illustration there is a part of Hydrophilic Hydrophilic are opposites of hydrophobic, they are water loving molecules they don’t repel water.  Because of the presence of hydrophilic and hydrophobic molecules on Palmitic Acid we can consider this molecule as an Amphipathic molecule which hydrophilic and hydrophobic are both present. Functional Groups are group of atoms that renders the chemical properties of an organic molecules and biomolecules. Biomolecules-can be found in Plant and Animal cells Cytological composition 1. 50-95 % water 2. 1% ions- magnesium, potassium, calcium ions 3. Other organic molecules Organic Molecules   Are Carbon based molecules Covalently bond to itself or other elements ex. H, O, N, S, and P Simplest organic molecule CH4 (methane) Hydrocarbons     One of the most organic molecules Are derived from Hydrogen and Carbons If the hydrocarbons chains are longer the more it becomes Non-polar and insoluble in water whether there is the presence of OH. Note that hydrocarbons are useless inside the body, the only thing that important in this compound is the derivative Hydrogen and Carbon. Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Hydrophob ...
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