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Carbohydrate Polymers 260 (2021) 117827 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Carbohydrate Polymers journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/carbpol An overview of alginates as flame-retardant materials: Pyrolysis behaviors, flame retardancy, and applications Ying-Jun Xu *, Lian-Yi Qu, Yun Liu *, Ping Zhu Institute of Functional Textiles and Advanced Materials, College of Textiles & Clothing, State Key Laboratory of Bio-fibers and Eco-textiles, National Engineering Research Center for Advanced Fire-Safety Materials D & A (Shandong), Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China A R T I C L E I N F O A B S T R A C T Keywords: Alginate Flame retardancy Pyrolysis behavior Application Alginates, a kind of naturally occurring polysaccharides, have been exploited for functional materials owing to their versatility, sustainability, nontoxicity, and relatively low cost. Inherent flame retardancy is one of the most attractive features of alginates, as it enables the high-value-added utilization of alginates for eco-friendly flameretardant materials. Now, the influence of metal ions on the flame retardancy and pyrolysis behaviors of algi­ nates has been systematically studied; besides, the applications of alginates for flame-retardant materials have been greatly developed, such as for preparing flame-retardant fibers, fabrics, aerogel composites, and foams, as well as serving as a component or modifier of functional coatings, hybrids, and additives. This review will give an ov ...
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