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Introduction to Proposal Format
This lecture is about writing research proposals and papers. We will focus on specific parts of a
research proposal to learn what is needed. We will also learn specifics of APA style.
Let's begin by looking at two subsections of a research proposal. The first subsection focuses on
specific aims, hypotheses, background and significance. The second examines design, methods,
and references sections.
Information Required in a Research Proposal Part I
The first subsection of a research proposal addresses several components.
Specific Aims: In this section, the goals should be specified. For example, the purpose of the
study could be to examine whether there are different types of memories preserved in people
with Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
Hypotheses or Questions: Depending on the purpose of the study, you may have a hypothesis.
An example of a hypothesis ispeople with AD will demonstrate learning for implicit types of
memories before demonstrating learning of explicit information.
If your study is not hypothesis driven, even a research question would do. For example, if you
are conducting research on listening devices, you might write the purpose of this study as: “The
purpose of this study is to determine what people are listening to on their electronic devices.”
Background and Significance: In this section, you need to present the background information
about the study along with the context in which it is given. If there is a theoretical framework, for
example, levels of processing, it should be stated. The problem being investigated should be
clear. Let’s say that you are interested in examining types of information that people with AD
learn in a new environment. You might state: “People with AD seem to remember different types
of information; investigating the quality of memories in new environments might be used to help
facilitate adjustment and adaptation.”
See the linked document for details, as well as information on background and significance.
Sections of a Research Proposal
Having covered the background and significance section of a research proposal, you will now
focus on the remaining sections. Of the remaining sections, you will spend the maximum time on
the design and methods, facilities, and reference sections.
See linked document for information required in a research proposal Part II
The design and method section is one of the most important parts of a research proposal. It
provides details about the specific materials and instruments that will be used, the procedure for
assessment, and how the data is to be analyzed after the assessment. This data analysis is
discussed in the results section of the research paper.
Now that you have discussed many of the components of a research proposal, let's discuss how
to use the APA style for writing and formatting your proposals and research papers. The APA

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Introduction to Proposal Format This lecture is about writing research proposals and papers. We will focus on specific parts of a research proposal to learn what is needed. We will also learn specifics of APA style. Let's begin by looking at two subsections of a research proposal. The first subsection focuses on specific aims, hypotheses, background and significance. The second examines design, methods, and references sections. Information Required in a Research Proposal Part I The first subsection of a research proposal addresses several components. Specific Aims: In this section, the goals s ...
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