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POL 201 Week 2 DQ 1 :The U.S. government's expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of c




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The U.S. government's expansive role in public policy is caught in a swirl of conflicting cross-
currents. On the one hand, popular expectations about government's responsibility to solve
problems often exceed the capacity of state and local authorities to respond effectively. On the
other hand, policies developed at the national level may not sufficiently reflect the great diversity
of interests across the U.S. to be effective at the local level. Moreover, the search for effective
policy is further complicated by theoretical debates about the constitutional framework of
federalism, e.g., what limits on national power can be derived from the Tenth Amendment?
A policy area in the middle of these cross-currents is elementary and secondary education a
subject traditionally under local control, with some oversight by the states. However, during the
last four decades – especially since 2001 – the national government's role in education has grown
significantly as a result of initiatives by Republican and Democratic administrations. Use the
assigned resources to inform yourself about this role and the arguments of its supporters and
In your initial post of at least 200-250 words, briefly summarize the national government's
education policies. Explain the main pros and cons in the debate about these policies.
Evaluate them from two perspectives:
The policies’ effectiveness in improving the quality of U.S. elementary and secondary
education. (Justify your assessment by clearly explaining your definition of
"effectiveness" and how it should be measured or determined.)

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Their consistency with the constitutional framework of federalism. (Justify your
assessment by clearly explaining your interpretation of American federalism's
constitutional framework and why federal education policies are or are not consistent
with it.)
Fully respond to all parts of the question. Write in your own words. Support your position with
APA citations to two or more different resources required for this discussion. By Day 7, respond
to at least two of your classmates' initial posts. Your peer responses each must be at least 75
words. They must demonstrate critical thinking (e.g., ask a relevant question about your peer's
post while explaining why your question is significant, or state a perspective that contrasts with
your peer's while explaining or justifying your position).
Role of the Federal government in education can be seen in the “No Child Left Behind Act”, in
this the government has situated some guidelines for the states to follow in education. With the
guidelines, the Federal government desires to provide certain information by the states such as
student achievements, districts schools’ performance; test performance of the students from 3
grades to 8 grades and minimum qualification of the teachers to get federal funding from the
Federal government. It is a way to be construed as within the federalism’s constitutional
From this the Federal government orders, the states to provide proper education to the children of
today with certain guidelines. Until now according to K. Hettleman, the U.S Government has not
followed the guidelines. Moreover, the states accountable are held for the low performance of
poor and minority students by the Federal government. By the political compromises mostly it is

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undetermined and allows the state and local officials to keep on developing their own academic
standards and tests. If the Federal government set strict regulations to the states for doing more
for the students in education practices, after that only all students equal in performance, no
matter of race, color or statue in order for that state to receive federal assistance.
As by the educational statistics, “Illiteracy in the U.S. to the rest of the world, the U.S. is doing
well. Based on the current International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), 19-23% of American
adults performed at the top levels for each of the three literacy scales: document literacy, prose
literacy and quantitative (number) literacy. Just one country is scored higher that was Sweden. In
this several Americans are being left behind until now. In the same survey has stated that 21-24%
of U.S. adults performed at the lowest level for the all three scales, a figure echoed by the
National Adult Literacy Survey (NALS). My opinion is if the State and Federal Government
work together to ensure a better education for all Americans, will be more effective.

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