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Argumentative Paper on topic The Cask of Amontillado




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The Cask of Amontillado
The Cask of Amontillado, written by Edgar Allen Poe describes the story of two friends in which
one takes revenge from the other and ultimately murders him. It is done so wisely that the person
who commits it is remembering it and is amazed that after passing so many years nobody even
unveils the brutal act. It illustrates the dark side of the human nature which is obsessed by the
feeling of revenge on the downfall without any reason. Montresor is the person who feels bad on
being insulted by his friend, Fortunato. His utterances in the story clearly depicts that he wants to
teach a lesson to Fortunato by taking revenge and murder him.
“A wrong is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is equally unredressed when
the avenger fails to make himself felt as such to him who has done the wrong” [1].
Montresor is a man who states that he has been irreparably insulted by his friend,
Fortunato, and that he seeks revenge for this insult, without placing himself at risk. For this
purpose he uses Fortunato’s weakness i.e. his fondness for wine and take him to place that is far
from human access. Montresor tells him that he has hidden Amontillado i.e. wine, to the place
underground the city and looks like a graveyard. During the walk to the place, Montresor
continuously let Fortunato to drink, to the extent that he starts coughing.
Montresor tries to build his trust on Fortunato by saying that coughing will affect him badly so
it’s better to turn back. But Fortunato refuse his sympathies (which were not actually the
sympathies) and focus on attainment of Amontillado. His greedy nature for that wine never let
him to have a glimpse of evil plans of Montresor even for a single moment. All that way to the
niche he only thinks about Amontillado and nothing else. He drinks so much on the way to niche

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that he become off minded, still ready to take Amontillado hidden in the niche. While he was
checking Amontillado in niche, Montresor starts chaining him in the niche with the bricks. He
resists a bit against that chaining but it was meaningless in front of Montresors’ revenge that left
him alive in the brick covered niche where nobody even heard his voice to save him.
In order to distinguish who is just and who is abused in the story, let first analyze the characters
of both friends i.e. Montresor and Fortunato.
Montresor is a man, who was rich, beloved, respected, admired, belongs to a well reputed family
and use to live in a large palazzo, this makes him proud that he thinks he never be wrong in his
life. He has many servants at his home to look after him and serves his family. Nobody can even
object him for his wrong deeds or can’t even say a single word to let him down, not even his
friends. This we see in the story that he killed his friend, Fortunato with the claim that he insulted
him in past times without any motive and Montresor's family motto states that his family will
attain revenge but with impunity when he states that, "No one insults me with impunity" and
further line illustrates the agony of that insult,
"The thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult
I vowed revenge."[1].
This line also shows that he has hurted (injuries done regarding money) Montresor thousand
times in the past which he ignored but his final fault was so big or painful that it led the
Montresor to react against it. Well that fault is not mentioned anywhere in the story just stated as
an insult (which has no evidence) what Fortunato did to Montresor. Montresor takes it very
seriously that he started nursing a grudge against his friend. He thinks that the lose of his status
in the society, his happiness, respect, that he passing through now, are all because of Fortunato’s

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injuries that he provided him in the past. The following lines clearly depicts that Montresor is
deprived of these things when met Fortunato at the carnival with the plan of taking revenge in his
mind. “You are now happy and respected as once I was.” [1]
It is also depicted that due to loss his wealth, he was not gaining much respect from his servants
because he is poor and probably can only afford to pay them very low wages. . He knows that his
servants will all leave the palazzo if he orders them to stay; he cannot maintain discipline
because he cannot afford to hire good servants. In fact, he may not be able to pay them at all on
some occasions. So he allows them to go out and find some other sources of money for
themselves. He remains alone in the palazzo further characterize how unhappy and lonely man
he was.
For this purpose he lures his friend to an un-respected death. He spent much of his time in
planning how to take revenge that may give maximum pain to his insulter till his death, without
risking himself. This pain may remind his sinner that how much he is in pain because of him and
he is a reason of all the happiness vanished from his life. He was a skillful and calculated man
that he planned everything that no one gets the glimpse of his evil plans, not his servants and
even the victim Fortunato. He knows how to tackle Fortunato and take him to place of murder as
he was very much aware of his weak point, his fondness of wine and poor Fortunato was
unaware that this habit will one day led him to his death by the hands of his own friend.
“….and he did not perceive that my smile now was at the thought of his immolation.”[1].
As mentioned above that his palazzo mostly remains empty so there’s no worry in bringing
Fortunato home to fulfill his evil plans as no one can see. In addition, he will use reverse

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Really great stuff, couldn't ask for more.