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COMMERCIALIZATION OF ORGAN TRANSPLANTS

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COMMERCIALIZATION OF ORGAN TRANSPLANTS
Arguments in favor of organ commercialization
Commercialization of human organs from consenting adults will lead to an increase in the
supply of organs needed for transplants (Kanniyakonil, 2005). The major challenge in
hospitals is the lack of organs needed for transplantation to the increasing number of
patients. Currently, organs are only accepted from victims of altruism suicide and this does
not cover the medical needs throughout the world. Thus, by commercializing organs for
transplants, the number of organ will increase and it will be for a good cause of saving
human lives.
Another reason is that in some cases, family members are compelled to donate organs for
their loved ones even if they are not willing to donate. In paid donations, the donors are not
compelled to donate their organs and so their consent is free. Some people requiring organ
transplants may not have relatives and friends who are either not willing to donate or are
organ incompatible. With paid donations, the patients can access the required organs which
may end up in saving their lives.
Arguments against commercialization of organ transplant
Commercialization of organ transplant can lead to health risks to the donor. People who are
not fit to donate may offer to donate their organ for the monetary gains. This can result even
in the death of the donor. Commercialization of organs may lead to loss of integrity and
ethics in the society. People who are mentally unstable may be coerced to donate their
organs. The rate of crime will also rise in the society. People will start killing each other so
as to obtain the organs (Kanniyakonil, 2005). Commercialization of organs may lead to
extortion of patients. This is in the case where an increase in the demand of a given product
leads to an increase in its price. Regulation of the prices by government bodies may result
in a decrease in the number of people who are willing to become donors.
Commercialization of organs will also lead to degradation in the medical ethics. Patients
who are incapable financially may not be given the same medical care quality as people
with money. Medical incompatibility is another reason why commercialization of human
organs is not advisable. Family members are advised to donate due to enhanced chance of
molecular compatibility. However, if organs are sold over the counter unknowing public may
buy the organs without the knowledge of the required medical compatibility. Thus, their
loved ones may develop serious medical complications or even die as a result of the
transplant.
My position on the debate
My position on the debate of commercialization of organ transplants is that it should not be
allowed. This, however, does not mean that people are not participating in the practice.
Commercialization of organ transplant is a lucrative business. However, this is morally
wrong and is against human ethics. This is due to the fact that commercialization of human
organs even if it results in saving lives has a bigger negative impact on the society and on
the individual. The major moral problem is that people donating will be under the obligation
of benefiting. Like is said earlier, in places where organ commercialization is being practice,
the business is very lucrative. The need to benefit from the organ donations violates the

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ethics that are aligned with human transplants. Commercialization will also lead to
increased crime rates where organs are harvested from unwilling donor and sold. Patients
will also be forced to bid for the donation which is unethical. The practice will also trickle
down to marginalization of health care being provided. The rich people will benefit from
quality medical care while the poor will die as they cannot afford the prices of the organs.
Commercialization of organ transplants will also affect the ethics of the society. It will also
affect the donation programs that exist where the needy patient is catered for first. Organ
donation program also include voluntary programs where people may volunteer to donate
their organ to save their loved ones. With commercialization of the process, all the noble
gestures aimed at saving human lives will be tainted with economic value (Andre &
Velasquez, 2010). The human rights of people on life support may be violated as their
family may opt to sell their organs rather than pay the huge medical bills for a medical
program that may not be beneficial to the person. Another major problem is that people
buying the organs may not get compatible donors and this will result in the death of their
loved ones from medical complications due to organ rejection.
Finally, commercialization of human organs will lead to a deficit in the organ supply rather
than the intended increase in supply. Commercialization of human organs will aggravate the
problem rather than providing the intended solution. The law of economics that matches
increase in demand with increase in prices will render the practice non beneficial to poor
and average incomers. Regulation of the process by the government in order to control the
prices will lead to a decrease in the number of donors. Commercialization of human organs
will also interfere with the voluntary program of donation. Thus, commercialization of the
human organs at the long run will lead to undesirable effects which outweigh the goal of
saving many human lives.
References:
Andre, C & Velasquez, M. (2010). Kidneys for Sale. Santa Clara University.
http://www.scu.edu/ethics/publications/iie/v1n2/kidneys.html
Kanniyakonil, S. (2005). Living organ donation and transplantation: A medical, legal, and
moral theological appraisal. Kottayam: Oriental Institute of Religious Studies India.
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COMMERCIALIZATION OF ORGAN TRANSPLANTSArguments in favor of organ commercializationCommercialization of human organs from consenting adults will lead to an increase in the supply of organs needed for transplants (Kanniyakonil, 2005). The major challenge in hospitals is the lack of organs needed for transplantation to the increasing number of patients. Currently, organs are only accepted from victims of altruism suicide and this does not cover the medical needs throughout the world. Thus, by commercializing organs for transplants, the number of organ will increase and it will be for a good cause of saving human lives.Another reason is that in some cases, family members are compelled to donate organs for their loved ones even if they are not willing to donate. In paid donations, the donors are not compelled to donate their organs and so their consent is free. Some people requiring or ...
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