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Criminal Justice Policy & Youth Gangs

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Running head: Criminal Justice Policy 1
Criminal Justice Policy & Youth Gangs
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Running head: Criminal Justice Policy 2
Youth Gangs (Issue and Policy)
Abstract
Criminal Equity is the framework of practices and establishments of procedures which are
regulated for continuance of social control, preventing and mitigating wrongdoing, or
sanctioning those who violate laws with unlawful penalties and healing ventures. In other
words the criminal equity framework can be defined as the means for public order to
"authorize the standards of behaviour necessary to ensure individuals and the group."
Criminal Justice and Youth Gangs
Law is a structure of rules generally imposed by following a set of institutions. The rationale
of law is to give an ideal set of rules for leading conduct and preserving order in a society.
Within the territory of codified law, there are generally two forms of law that the courts are
concerned with. Civil laws are rules and regulations which are administered communication
associated with dealing complaints involving citizens of a society. Criminal law is concerned
with actions which are dangerous or harmful to society as a whole, in which prosecution is
pursued not by an individual but rather by the state (Barak, 2000).
Youth gangs are the ones which are responsible for increasing crime rates on the streets.
These are the individuals who are involved in drugs, prostitution and other illegitimate
activities. The members of youth are all risk takers and live dangerous lives. They posses
weapons and are always in the rush as their intention is to steal cars, money and other
property items. The primary reason of such gangs is discrimination and racist attitudes of the
society against the other sect, religion, cast or creed.

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Running head: Criminal Justice Policy 3
The membership of youth gang varies depending on the locality and state. According to the
survey conducted in urban areas it is found that around 14% to 30% of youngsters start
joining gangs at some point of time in their life. It is also asserted that mostly youth gang
members are adults and the age approximation of them falls between 12 to 24 years. It comes
out as a result of the study of American history that the youth gangs started to emerge in the
1970s on the basis of the racial and ethnic differences. First of all the Irish emerged as the
gangs who had ethnic homogeneity between them followed by the Germans, Jews and
Italians. The Gangs’ development in the U.S. is very unique in its practice and is far more
prevalent in the communities and the cities and it is all the more complex than many of the
countries in the world. It is a permanent active practice indicating the failure of the criminal
justice system (Central, 1993).
The issue is a serious one opening the points of thoughts to the human minds at different
levels. Moffitt explains a dual taxonomy highlighting the issue that the antisocial behaviour
changes with the age and it also develops in children as a way of mimicking whatever they
observe around. According to the theory of adolescence partial antisocial deeds, a
contemporary adulthood gap push teens to impersonate rebellious activities in ways that are
destructive for them and for their society. The four methods which are involved for evaluating
the differentiation of social justice and relations include class, race, gender and criminal
justice. After evaluation of the social justice order it is found that aggressive behaviours are
caused by the members of the society when they face aggressive intersections of crime, race,
and reproduction, involves the convergence between the racial structure of crime and the
utilization of reproduction as an instrument of punishment. Crimes and criminals are
constrained primarily to the tabulations and illustration of conformist criminal code
violations, for instance homicide, rape, robbery, stealing, theft, and assault (Gibbs, 2010).

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