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Leadership: Trustworthiness and Ethical Stewardship

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Leadership: Trustworthiness and Ethical Stewardship
Leadership: Trustworthiness and Ethical Stewardship
The purpose of this article is to furnish the academic opinion on the topics of leadership
behavior, perceptions about leader’s trustworthiness, and the element of ethical stewardship from
the article written by the researchers Cam Caldwell, Linda Hayes, and Do Long. We are living in
a society where the uprightness of leader is being argued continually. Leaders are constantly
aspiring to establish the confidence of followers. Dearth of confidence of followers in their
leader can lead to diminishing of worker attentiveness, of profits, and of operations where the
business is set up. Therefore, the confidence and trust of the followers is considered to be an
acute element of organizational adequacy.
Leadership tasks are classified into three categories i.e. relationship development,
resource utilization, and image management (Chemers, 1997). Relationship development is the
synergy of leaders and their stakeholders by establishing affiliations, determining aspired results,
assisting personnel in achieving the desired results, and improving employees’ engagement in
business affairs; resource utilization is the accretion of fiscal means, harmonizing of challenging
demands, and administering resources dexterously to actualize company objectives; and image
management is the fusion of one’s attitude to perform harmoniously and stay compatible with the
follower’s notion (Chemers, 1997). These categories of leadership clearly depict Chemers’s
stress on how leadership behaviors evince leaders to apprehend company’s preferences and
principles and also to amalgamate duties of leaders to manage emerging demands (Chemers,
1997). Chemers’s theory acknowledges not only the significance of actualizing objectives of the
market place but also of following external adaptation that measures the productiveness of
organization, and internal integration that establishes and administers the aptitude and activities
within the business (Schein, 2004). Relationship development behaviors focus on people’s

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Leadership: Trustworthiness and Ethical Stewardship
central leadership that embraces the aptitude to institute personal association with others
concerning organizational ambitions and thereby to enhance the engagement of others (Kolp &
Rea, 2006). Resource utilization behaviors encompass amassing resources, helping
administrative assistants with the set objectives, and applying the principles and guidelines
(Lussier & Achua, 2004). It requires leaders to be competent in managing resources and
accomplishing organizational goals while converging on the short-term and long-term growth of
company. Image management behavior requires a credible aptitude to show the results of
fulfillment on short-term and long-term targets (Caldwell, Karri, & Vollmar, 2006). If leaders
desire to become successful, they have to crave for achieving the goals of their organizations
rather than for their personal interests, concentrating their all out efforts in accomplishing the
assigned responsibilities.
Interpersonal trustworthiness is the trust placed by one party on another in fulfilling the
responsibility rested on them. The trust may be consolidated at a strategic level after the leaders
have played their effective roles in implementing the organizational decisions faithfully, by
exhibiting commitment to individual’s benediction and that of their organizations, because
trustworthiness is a subjective acumen that is delineated at individual and organizational levels
(Bews & Rossouw, 2002). An individual places trust by relinquishing his power to another
person based upon his or her behavior perceived to be trustworthy through an individual’s
interceding lens (Caldwell & Clapham, 2003). Trustworthiness at the individual level has widely
been acknowledged consisting of ability, benevolence and integrity (Mayer, David, &
Schoorman, 1995). Trustworthiness is connected to efficient mutual relationship between leader
and stakeholder, and their focus is on the mutual inclination to trust (Brower, Schoorman &
Hwee, 2000). Ability, benevolence, and integrity are three key ingredients that associate the

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Leadership: Trustworthiness and Ethical Stewardship
inclination and animus to trust and are rigidly coupled to leadership behaviors (Gill, Boies,
Finegan & McNally, 2005). Ability is a collection of aptitude, proficiencies, and traits, group of
skills, competencies, and characteristics that allow any party to have power or authority;
benevolence is the attitude of trustee to be beneficial to the trustor apart from profit driven
intentions; and integrity is trustor’s perception that trustee will conform to the set guidelines
approved by the trustor (Mayer, Davis, & Schoorman, 1995). The following hypotheses were
presented by Caldwell, Hayes, and Long regarding the importance of leadership and
trustworthiness i.e. leadership behavior affiliated with resource utilization, relationship
development, and image management in influencing individual’s perceptions of interpersonal
trustworthiness (Caldwell, Hayes, & Long, 2010).
Stewardship is defined as the mindset and demeanor that place the long-term interests of
a group ahead of personal goals that serve as an individual’s self-interests (Hernandez, 2008).
Ethical stewardship is an outcome of leadership behavior that promotes a sense of personal
responsibility within leaders for the long-term wellbeing of the stakeholders, society and
organization. Stewardship involves the commitment of leaders to secure the welfare of all
stakeholders (Donaldson & Preston, 1995). Great leaders exercise ethical stewardship by
following the optimization of wealth creation through actualizing accord that boosts
stakeholders’ partnership and engagement (Caldwell, Hayes, Karri, & Bernal, 2008). Ethical
stewardship combines shared governance, transformational commitment for the betterment of all
stakeholders, and exercising the principles that are inwardly consistent with organization’s
mission. The following hypotheses were presented by Caldwell, Hayes, and Long regarding the
importance of leadership and ethical stewardship i.e. leadership behavior affiliated with resource
utilization, relationship development, and image management influencing individual’s

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Leadership: Trustworthiness and Ethical Stewardship The purpose of this article is to furnish the academic opinion on the topics of leadership behavior, perceptions about leaders trustworthiness, and the element of ethical stewardship from the article written by the researchers Cam Caldwell, Linda Hayes, and Do Long. We are living in a society where the uprightness of leader is being argued continually. Leaders are constantly aspiring to establish the confidence of followers. Dearth of confidence of followers in their leader can lead to diminishing of worker attentiveness, of profits, and of operations where the business is set up. Therefore, the confidence and trust of the followers is considered to be an acute element of organizational adequacy. Leadership tasks are classified into three categories i.e. relationship development, resource utilization, and image management (Chemers, 1997). Relationship development is the synergy of leaders and their stakeholders by establishing affiliations, determining aspired results, assisting personnel in achieving the desired results, and improving employees engagement in business affairs; resource utilization is the accretion of fiscal means, harmonizing of challenging demands, and administering resources dexterously to actualize company objectives; and image management is the fusion of ones attitude to perform harmoniously and stay compatible with the followers notion (Chemers, 1997). These categories of leadership ...
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