Access over 20 million homework & study documents

search

The Responsibility to Protect and United Nations Peacekeeping

Type

Essay

Rating

Showing Page:
1/18
The Impact of Responsibility to Protect on UN Peacekeeping

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
Abstract
The purpose of this research paper is to discuss what impact the United Nation’s 2005 initiative
Responsibility to Protect will have on UN Security Council decisions to mandate and deploy
peacekeeping operations. R2P is a response to the growing international consensus that mass
human atrocities (i.e., genocide and ethnic cleansing) must be prevented and stopped from
occurring. Central to R2P are debates concerning moral obligation, state sovereignty, political
will and state interest. The impact of R2P on peacekeeping is assessed by a review of these
themes in the literature and a case study of the 2011 Libyan intervention which is cited as the
first application of R2P. This research concludes that when applied R2P will have a dramatic
affect on the characteristics of UN peacekeeping operations. However, the 2011 Libyan
intervention confirmed fears and perceived abuses possible under R2P. The aftermath of this
intervention strongly suggests that R2P is unlikely to have much impact on UN Security Council
decisions to mandate and deploy peacekeeping missions in the near future.
Introduction:
In 2005 the United Nations established an initiative called the Responsibility to Protect
(R2P). Prepared by the International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, this
report was intended to answer the question of when, if ever, it is appropriate for states to take
coercive action against another state for the purposes of humanitarian intervention. While the UN
had been conducting peacekeeping operations in failed and failing states for over sixty years, the
organization was still reeling from disastrous failures in Rwanda and Bosnia in which hundreds
of thousands of people had been slaughtered while supposedly under UN protection. In effect,
not only did R2P outline principles for UN intervention for humanitarian reasons, it attempted to
address the growing consensus that stopping mass human atrocities such as genocide is a moral

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
[Type text] [Type text] [Type text]
obligation belonging to all members of the United Nations. The research question for this
assignment is “What impact will the UN initiative Responsibility to Protect have on
peacekeeping operations?” R2P has been viewed as both a long overdue internationalization of
the human conscience and as a breach of the international state order that is dependent on the
sovereignty of states. This research assignment will examine these debates and discuss how
peacekeeping operations will be impacted by R2P.
This research assignment addresses the course topic regarding characteristics of
peacekeeping operations. The course objective with this topic is to evaluate the characteristics of
today’s peace operations environment and how it affects humanitarian and military operations.
The United Nations responds to international humanitarian crises by creating peacekeeping
operations and deploying peacekeepers on an ad hoc basis. Traditional peacekeeping operations
have four main attributes: 1) Non-enforcement; 2) Limited Military Capability; 3) Neutrality
and; 4) Permission of the host countries. R2P is a response to the limitations of such operations
when it is the host state that is the instigator or perpetrator of mass atrocities against civilian
populations. As a result, a peacekeeping operation operating under an R2P mandate will
fundamentally look quite different than one that has been traditionally deployed. To illustrate,
this research paper will examine the 2011 Libyan intervention which has been cited as the first
peacekeeping operation deployed under R2P.
Purpose and Design:
R2P is not international law but has been adopted as an international norm which is
intended to guide the UN Security Council specifically in their decision to use force for
humanitarian reasons. The purpose of this research is to discuss what impact R2P when applied
will have on UN Security Council decisions to mandate and deploy peacekeeping operations.

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Anonymous
Great content here. Definitely a returning customer.

Studypool
4.7
Trustpilot
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4