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English Scholastic philosopher,

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John Wycliffe
John Wycliffe was an English Scholastic philosopher, theologian, lay preacher, translator, reformer
and university teacher at Oxford in England, who was known as an early dissident in the Roman
Catholic Church during the 14th century. His followers were known as Lollards, a somewhat
rebellious movement, which preached anticlerical and biblically-centred reforms. The Lollard
movement was a precursor to the Protestant Reformation (for this reason, Wycliffe is sometimes
called "The Morning Star of the Reformation"). He was one of the earliest opponents of papal
authority influencing secular power.
Wycliffe was also an early advocate for translation of the Bible into the common language. He
completed his translation directly from the Vulgate into vernacular English in the year 1382, now
known as Wycliffe's Bible. It is probable that he personally translated the Gospels
of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John; and it is possible he translated the entire New Testament, while
his associates translated the Old Testament. Wycliffe's Bible appears to have been completed by
1384, with additional updated versions being done by Wycliffe's assistant John Purvey and others in
1388 and 1395.
Jan Huss
Jan Hus often referred to in English as John Hus or John Huss, was a Czech priest, philosopher,
reformer and master at Charles University in Prague. After John Wycliffe, the theorist of
ecclesiastical Reformation, Hus is considered the first Church reformer, as he lived
beforeLuther, Calvin and Zwingli.
Hus was a key predecessor to the Protestant movement of the sixteenth century, and his teachings
had a strong influence on the states of Europe, most immediately in the approval of a reformist

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