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Active and Passive Voice

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English

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Study Guide

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the subject
the object

 The hunter the lion.
 We  the drowning baby.
The thief  the jewels.
The painter some pictures.
!S "#"O $%&&%
'(()*
+(,$
+(,(,$
+%((,*
-$,
'(
(.
+(($($
/,+$+%(*
-(
(
in example 3. stole becomes was stolen
in example 4. is painting becomes is being painted
 In fact you can recognize a passive form from the verb alone because
1. you must use the third form of the verb (the past perfect or the pluperfect - the one you use with
had: had stolen; or had written or had painted)
2 Also the correct form of the verb to be makes up the tense in the passive voice : is (are)/ was
(were)/ is (are) being/ was(were) being/ has (have) been / had been/ will be/ will have been:
These examples will make  clear. Notice that the actual tense does not change when converted to
passive; but it is the passive version corresponding to the active one.
Active: The baker bakes a hundred loaves a day.
Passive : A hundred loaves a day are baked by the baker.
Active: The baker baked a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves were baked by the baker.
Active: The baker is baking a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves are being baked by the baker.
Active: The baker was baking a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves were being baked by the baker.
Active: The baker has baked a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves have been baked by the baker.
Active: The baker had baked a hundred loaves.

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Passive : A hundred loaves had been baked by the baker.
Active: The baker will bake a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves will be baked by the baker.
Active: The baker will bake a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves will be baked by the baker.
Active: The baker will have baked a hundred loaves.
Passive : A hundred loaves will have been baked by the baker.
 
/(0
1$*,&(%
2$  $$,3
4!*,$$,5$,$$$$61
$($(($!$
/(0
1(
47$$
47$06
1*$(
/(0
48,2$&,$, 6
!$$
47$$6
&3($$,

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Solutions to the Exercises
/(0
1$*,&(%active
2$  $$,3passive
4!*,$$,5$,$$$$61
$($(($!$Active
/(0
1(active
47$$ Passive
47$06 active
91*$( active
/(0
48,2$&,$, 6Passive
!$$ active
47$$6Passive
3($$,Passive

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1 Active means that someone (the subject) does something (the verb) to someone/something (the object).Examples: 1. The hunter killed the lion.2. We saved the drowning baby.3. The thief stole the jewels.4. The painter is painting some pictures.In all these the order is S - V -O (subject , verb, object)Now the same examples written in Passive form:1. The lion was killed by the hunter.2. The drowning baby was saved by us.3. The jewels were stolen by the thief.4. Some pictures are being painted by the artist.Notice that the order has been reversed:the person/ thing which is having something done toit is written first. 2 The verb also has to change otherwise it would not make sense or the meaning wouldchange. We cannot say: The lion killed the hunter or The jewels stole the thief.So in example 1. killed becomes was killed in example 2 saved becomes was saved ...
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Anonymous
I was struggling with this subject, and this helped me a ton!

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