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Death penalty policies

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Running head: DEATH PENALTY POLICY 1
Death Penalty Policy
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DEATH PENALTY POLICY 2
Death Penalty Policy
Introduction
Rules and regulations within the society that we live in are crucial in maintaining law and
order. In democratic societies with duly elected officials, the law is the main determinant of
equality in that it acts to ensure that those in positions of power are set at par with those who are
not, to ensure that all persons are equal.
If an act is as noble, it is praised and many people find pleasure in the acts that have been
done. However, if it is an uncouth act, humans go further than blame; they tend to punish it.
Punishment therefore is a means of restoring social equilibrium and more so society has an
obligation to punish offenders in an effort to redress any kind of unfair advantages whenever
possible. Punishment is described as ‘an evil afflicted by a person in authority upon another
person who is judged to have violated a rule’ (Melusky, 2011). There are four concepts that acan
be derived from this definition:
An evil- this is to punish though inflicting harm, suffering or unpleasantness which is not
necessarily pain. The big question however remains which is the correct time to inflict
suffering and what actionns justify the action.
For a specific violation: the violation can either be in the moral or legal sense. The kind
of punishment that one is awarded will depend on the nature of the crime that has been
committed by the specified offender.
Done to an offender: the offender must have been proven to have committed the crime
beyond reasonable doubt or on a balance of probability depending on the nature of the
case before a court or legal body with the auuthority to administer punishment.

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DEATH PENALTY POLICY 3
Imposed by an authority: the punishment has to come from a recognized legal authority
that tasked by law to administer it such as the courts or even tribunals.
The most common method of crime punishment are jail imprisonment for a specified
period or fines that are payable to the courts. These and other methods are in place to ensure that
those that commit crimes are accountable and that the world becomes a more bearable place to
live in.
The deterrence theory works in that should the consequences of the crime outweigh the
benefit of that crime; the individual would be deterred from engaging in such activities in the
future. This is owing to the fact that humans are well aware of the activities in which they engage
in and as such, should be able to face whatever consequences as a means of punishment for
something that they were well aware of while doing. Deterrence has played an integral part in
our community especially in ensuring that there is equality prevailing without a specific group of
people having an unfair edge over the others by getting away with crime (Galliher, 2002).
This could be, according to the way people perceive it, translated to mean ‘an eye for an
eye’. It is possible for one to argue that should one commit a specific crime, then they should be
met with the same kind of treatment and weight of the crime that they have allegedly committed.
This means that if a person breaks one of the rules that are set, then it is also fair for one of their
rights to be limited or denied for example the right of association through imprisonment and to a
more contentious respect, even the right to life, which is commonly known as the death penalty
or capital punishment.
The Death Penalty
The death penalty or otherwise known as capital punishment has been an issue under
debate for a prolonged period. It has never failed to raise emotions and different views every

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