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Brief History of Psychology

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History of Psychology
What is psychology? Psychology is continuing to become one of the most important
aspects of science. Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. There are many
sub-fields involved with psychology including human development, sports, health, clinical, social
behavior and cognitive processes. As one may believe psychology is something old,
surprisingly, it is fairly new in scientific discovery. Origins of psychology can, however, be traced
back to ancient Greece around 400 BC. These original studies were philosophical emphasises
based on thoughts from great thinkers like Socrates and Aristotle. As years have gone by,
psychology has advanced beyond these original ideas. Two dominating theoretical perspectives
still remain important when researching and studying the science of psychology: functionalism
and structuralism.
Functionalism is an approach that was developed by William James(1842-1910). He
made arguments stating that the mind is constantly changing and piecing together experiences
is pointless. He believed one should focus on how and why the organism does what it does.
Suggestions were made for psychologists to look for the cause of behavior and thought
processes involved with such behaviors. This particular emphasis on recognizing behavior
causes and consequences had helped in the advancement of psychology.
Structuralism is an approach that was developed by Wilhelm Wundt. An American
psychologist by the name of Edward Titchener contributed to this approach. With structuralism,
the emphasis was more of a trained introspection. Introspection was performed when certain
subjects related what their thoughts to what they were actually doing. Unfortunately, this
approach was proven to be unreliable due to the individual differences and variations in the
experiences of the research subjects. Although Wundt’s introspection approach failed, he is still
known for opening the first laboratory dedicated to psychology in 1879, which some refer to as
the start of modern psychology.

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After structuralism, psychology took a turn towards the future in science as it was the
first approach separating philosophy and psychology. New perspectives began to develop and
continue to develop to this day. At the same time, the history of psychology and the
philosophical approaches are important in the study of psychology. Psychology investigates a
huge range of phenomena that include learning and memory, sensation and perception,
motivation and emotion, personality and behavior, etc. Psychology is important in understanding
science and as years go by will continue to be defined more deeply.

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History of PsychologyWhat is psychology? Psychology is continuing to become one of the most important aspects of science. Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and behavior. There are many sub-fields involved with psychology including human development, sports, health, clinical, social behavior and cognitive processes. As one may believe psychology is something old, surprisingly, it is fairly new in scientific discovery. Origins of psychology can, however, be traced back to ancient Greece around 400 BC. These original studies were philosophical emphasises based on thoughts from grea ...
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