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PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGHOUT THE LIFESPAN

Subject

Psychology

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Essay

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Running Head: ASSIGNMENT 1
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ASSIGNMENT 2
Psychosocial development deals with the social life of a person according to Harmon. It
is evident from Erikson theory that a person improves in social status as he or she grows. The
difference between the children and the adults is attributed by the stages. From my observation
and interviews is that the grown up have more social knowledge than children. The children
emulate the adults’ way of living. This is contributed by the daily teachings that the children
learn from their parents. The mode of interaction, development of skills, decision making among
others, are some aspects learnt by the children as they grow.
The movement through this stages influence the personality development. These stages
begin from the infants to adults. The first stage is trust versus mistrust. It is in this stage that a
child should get the maximum care from his or her parents (Newman et al 2012). The trust
results because of the good care of the parents according to my findings. The second stage is that
of autonomy versus doubt. In this stage parents help their children in what they are interested.
Children are able to choose the type of foods, play for instance, with toys, the clothes to wear
among others. Parents let the children do things on their own but assist them where possible.
The third one is that of initiative versus guilt. Children are able to attend schools getting
a chance to intermingle with each other. As a result, decision making level improves as well as
their mode of interaction (Shaffer, & Kipp 2010). They participate in various games where each
of them is skilled. The fourth stage is that of industry versus inferiority. The children are now
able to do their assignments with ease, for instance, computing of sums. It is at this stage when a
child identifies his or her talent. The teachers and the parents play a key role towards the children
in this stage. The first, second, third and the fourth stages have specified to the minors; people
less than eighteen years.

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ASSIGNMENT 3
The fifth one is identity versus role of confusion. During this stage, children have their
minds open and prepared to learn (Harmening, 2010). They are able to decide and venture on the
fields they are interested in life for instance, careers. The sixth stage is that of intimacy versus
isolation. A child is considered an adult; independent and can be involved in relationships. The
seventh one is generosity versus stagnation. A person can have a family of his own. If a person
does not settle down to have a family then he or she does not progress. The last stage is the ego
integrity versus despair. In this stage, the goals that a person needs to achieve are identifiable. If
a person does not fulfill them as he or she anticipated, is filled with despair; regrets.
Erikson stages of development and those of Freud are different and similar in some way.
The differences are outlined well in the stages. In the first stage, Erikson describes how a child
earns trust or mistrust from the parent. The trust is earned from the quality care of the parent. On
the other hand Freud has different views about this stage. Freud states that a child is observed
according to his or her oral interests (Harmon et al 2005). Such activities portray the behaviors of
the child in the future, for instance, a child may become a smoker.
The other difference is that, Erikson enhances the teachings on how children should
control the functions in the body (Shaffer, & Kipp 2010). This improves their own sufficiency to
curb the activities for instance, eating. Freud on the hand enhances the ability of the children to
control the activities. In the third stage, Erikson stage states that the children are concerned with
the environment. They save their energy on preserving the environment. Freud states that in this
stage, that children begin to identify their opposite sex.
In the fourth stage, according to Erikson, children develop new skills and inventions
while Freud states that children join learning institutions (Harmon et al 2005), for instance

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