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MGT 216 Week 2 Individual Assignment Ethical Theories Chart

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MGT/216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility
Student Name: ________________ Facilitator: ______________
Ethical
Theory
Comparison of Ethical Theories
Utilitarianism
Ethics
Deontological
Ethics
Virtue Ethics
Definition
Utilitarian Ethics is an
ethics mainly placing the
correctness of the action
by emphasizing the
satisfying or pleasurable
effects on the interest of
the people. This is the
ethics that the
Consequentialism
Theory is mainly based
on where actions are
considered ethical if
everyone receives
positive consequences.
Deontological Ethics also
known as duty-based ethics
follows rules or guidelines
placing concern on the
duties, responsibilities, and
obligations of individuals to
others.
Virtue Ethics is an ethics of
norms which pain
emphasis is stressed on
moral values.
Ethical
thinker
associated
with theory
- John Stuart Mill:
modern utilitarian
theory.
-His theory states that a
decision or action
becomes rightful when
the end provides greatest
good to the majority of
people involved.
-Jeremy Bentham: Plain
Hedonistic Theory
-His theory is mainly
focused on the
intrinsically good things
like pleasures.
-Immanuel Kant:
Categorical Imperative
-His theory stresses on the
universal application of
moral principles and respect
to others highlighting single
principle of duty which is
the moral duties to oneself
and others.
-Pufendorf: Theories on
duties to God, duties to
oneself, and duties to others.
-W.D. Ross: theories with
emphasis on prima facie
duties as parts of the
fundamental nature of the
universe.
-Aristotle: Natural virtue
that deals on its ordinary
usage through reliance on
motivation by inclination.
(Hurtshouse, 2007)
- Plato, Kant, Martineau,
Hume, Hutcheson and
Nietzsche: different forms
of Virtue Ethics.
- Michael Slote: Modern
'agent-based' approach.
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MGT/216 Organizational Ethics and Social Responsibility
Decision-
making
process
-Priorities always set on
the consequences of the
action.
-Action that will yield
positive effects to
everyone involved in the
process will be
considered ethical.
-The emphasis is set on the
rights and obligations of the
persons involved.
-An action or decision will
be considered ethical only
when the individual’s duties,
obligations and
responsibilities to others are
maintained.
-Highlights that the end can
never justify the means.
- The main focus is to keep
moral values or virtues in
any action or decision
made.
-A decision bound to break
the moral laws are
considered unethical no
matter how good the
processes or the
consequences are.
Workplace
example
After the revealed
discomfort of the team
with the presence of the
employee falsely
accused of exposing the
company’s confidential
information, the
management fired the
employee.
The manager backs up the
falsely accused employee in
fulfillment of his duty and
obligation to protect the
rights and welfare of his
subordinates.
With the belief that firing
the falsely accused
employee is morally wrong
knowing she has not done
wrong, the manager
decided to let the employee
to stay and gave the chance
to prove her innocence and
regain her tainted morals.
References
Brown, C. (2007). Utilitarianism. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from
http://www.trinity.edu/cbrown/intro/utilitarianism.html
Hurtshouse, R. (2007). Virtue Ethics. Retrieved February 19, 2010, from Stanford Encyclopedia of
Philosophy Online: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/ethics-virtue/
University of Iowa. (2007). Deontology or Teleology Ethics Based on Duty or on Consequences.
Retrieved February 19, 2010, from http://www.uiowa.edu/~c019168/168s6online3.html
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