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Africa as a colony..................

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African colonialism
During the years of 1870s and 1900s the idea of colonialism sparked. The European industrial
revolution was a time that Europeans were forced to find additional resources and placement for
the surplus of people that were not as fortunate as the rich capitalist in Europe. Poverty and
homelessness were on the rise due to the surplus of people that couldn’t be absorbed in the
system. The Europeans thought to solve the economic issue by migrating to Africa to acquire
colonies and export sources, such as raw materials. The settlers set up colonies in parts South
Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Zambia. This led to a movement called “scramble for Africa”.
Africa was divided for control of people, power, resources and goods. The “Scramble for Africa”
is an example of colonialism. The European countries of Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain,
Portugal and Belgium came into Africa to try to expand their territory and exploit the African
people. The new borders created during the Berlin conference would force the indigenous people
to share citizenship with other ethnic groups and governments. These borders still remain. To
prevent wars and conflict between the Europeans and the indigenous people, treaties were
created. (Wikipedia, 2014).
The Berlin conference, initiated by Otto von Bismarck, laid down ground rules for the
participating countries to even out competition and decrease chances of conflict amongst
themselves. After the country was divided, treaties created between the Europeans and the
Africans. These treaties were designed to force African people to give away their authority and
independence over their own land and resources. At first the African people thought that the
treaties would be friendship treaties, but shortly realized they were being exploited for their land.
The African people revolted and formed military resistance against the Europeans in the form of
guerrilla warfare. Guerrilla warfare involved the hit and run tactics against stationary forces.
Unfortunately one of the disadvantages for the Africans came in the form of weapons. Africans
fought with bows, arrows, swords, and spears. Europeans on the other hand had machine guns
and riffles. The African forces were just too weak and unstable to take on the European forces.
Although, the Africans put up a resistant battle against the Europeans, colonialism eventually
occurred in Africa. One example of resistance was the simultaneous native revolts in SW-
German Africa and E-German Africa in the Herero wars and Maji-Maji rebellion. During these
revolts the Germans sent a large number of reinforcements. This eventually led to the defeat of
the Maji-Maji people. The guerilla warfare tactics were not enough to defeat the Germans and
eventually lead to the genocide of the Maji-Maji. (African Age, 2011).
Revolutions
The American Revolution was a violent revolution between the British and 13 American
Colonies. The American colonies wanted to break away and form their own independent nation.
“No taxation without representation” is a quote from the American colonies stating they would
not be taxed by the British without their consent. As American colonies became more and more
self-sufficient and self-governed they became less tolerant of the “mother land’s” harsh taxations
and lack of participation or involvement in British parliament. In 1765, Americans decided that
they would no longer pay taxes without elected representation. Violence was seen as the strategy
of choice by evidence of the Boston Tea Party, and The American Revolutionary War. By 1774
each colony had a controlling government. The British fired back by sending troops overseas to

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African colonialism During the years of 1870s and 1900s the idea of colonialism sparked. The European industrial revolution was a time that Europeans were forced to find additional resources and placement for the surplus of people that were not as fortunate as the rich capitalist in Europe. Poverty and homelessness were on the rise due to the surplus of people that couldn’t be absorbed in the system. The Europeans thought to solve the economic issue by migrating to Africa to acquire colonies and export sources, such as raw materials. The settlers set up colonies in parts South Africa, Na ...
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