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case study-Sri Caitanya Caritamrta

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HH KADAMBA KANANA SWAMI MAHARAJA
A lecture given by H.H Kadamba Kanana Swami Maharaja- ’04, Canberra,
Australia
Sri Caitanya Caritamrta- Adi lila.10
So we’re reading a little bit from the Sri Caitanya Caritamrta and we’ve gotten a little of the 10
th
chapter of the Adi-lila which describes the Caitanya tree. It is said that this Caitanya tree is also
known as the Caitanya Kalpataru or the Bhakti Kalpataru, which means it is a wish fulfilling desire
tree. And it’s now describing some of the associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and how these
associates are such powerful transcendental personalities. It is said that every single one of the
associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had the power to deliver the entire universe. And what such
a thing means would have always been kind of mystic to us if we would not have seen how Srila
Prabhupada was- really a person who could deliver the entire universe. Not by some display of
great mystic potency but simply by conquering people’s hearts’, by working very hard to extend
himself, to give himself completely to Krsna and to all those who somehow or other showed the
slightest interest in Krsna consciousness, and even those who are not interested, but especially to
those who showed some interest in Krsna consciousness.
So here we are coming to the description of Murari Gupta.
sri-murari gupta sakha-premera bhandara
prabhura hrdaya drave suni dainya yanra
Murari Gupta, who was like a major branch of the Caitanya tree, he was a storehouse of
transcendental love of God, his inconceivable humility was just melting the heart of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu. We see that throughout the pastimes of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu, that Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, when he encountered various devotees who displayed great humility, in response to
that, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu would just extend Himself, beyond limits! For example, when Rupa
and Sanatana met Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for the first time in the village of Ramakeli, at that
time the two brothers, they threw themselves on the ground, they put some straw in their teeth-in
between the teeth- as a sign of humility. And as they were lying there in front of Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, the Lord picked them up. And they began to describe how they were the most fallen
and they said that, “ We are more fallen than Jagai and Madhai.”
Jagai and Madhai are described to be most degraded. Jagai and Madhai, they were not only
alcoholics, they were not only violent, but Jagai and Madhai were killers also. Jagai and Madhai
also burnt houses down- even with people inside. Jagai and Madhai, it is said, had committed so
many sinful activities- it was inconceivable! In the Caitanya Bhagavat, we find a description of the
sinful activities of Jagai and Madhai. And it is described there that Yamaraja, he has an assistant
who is his scribe, he keeps all the records, and this person is Citra Gupta. And Citra Gupta, he’s in
charge of the archives, where all the sinful activities of people are recorded and he keeps good
records and he has many assistants who are just writing it all down and keeping it all very nicely.
And then there are many, many messengers. So it is said that of the time of Jagai and Madhai’s
sinful activities, the messengers, they were running up and down bringing more and more reports
about the next sinful activity that Jagai and Madhai had performed and some of them fell
exhausted by the load size. It was just too much work! And Citra Gupta did not know where to
keep all the records; there were just too many records to keep.

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HH KADAMBA KANANA SWAMI MAHARAJA
So if we’re thinking of Jagai and Madhai as being sinful personalities, then we must understand
that they were practically like the emblem of sin personified. More sinful than Jagai and Madhai?
How can anyone in the world be more sinful than Jagai and Madhai? So how could Rupa and
Sanatana say such a thing? So Rupa and Sanatana not only claimed that they were more sinful that
Jagai and Madhai, but they also began to positively explain that, “Actually, Jagai and Madhai, they
did a lot of nonsense, undoubtedly. But they were only themselves, engaging in sinful activities.
But look at us- we have become the ministers of the Yavana’s, the meat-eaters, who are
committing so many sinful activities and are protecting so many people who are engaging in sinful
activities and therefore we are millions of times more sinful than Jagai and Madhai because we are
protecting so many Jagai’s and Madhai’s…” and in this way, at that time Dabira Khasa and Sakara
Mallika (because they were ministers in the Muslim government known as Dabira Khasa and
Sakara Mallika) these two brothers then, were describing their humility. And Sri Caitanya
Mahaprabhu, at one point, He said, “ Stop! Please stop it! I cannot tolerate this any longer! It is too
much! Stop talking like this. This is intolerable! Your humility breaks My heart…” He said. So in
this way, we’re seeing how the great devotees of Krsna are displaying this humility.
]
So here, Murari Gupta is also described as a great and humble devotee. And at the same time he’s
describes as a storehouse of love of God. So these two qualities, they come together- this quality of
humility and the quality of being able to develop love of God. It is not possible to develop love of
God if there is no humility in our hearts. So we see that a person who is proud, how can he hear?
His ears are blocked because he is overwhelmed by his own ideas that he cannot even hear what
everyone else says and just only when people sort of confirm his own ideas, ‘Yes, yes’ and
otherwise, ‘No I don’t agree. I totally don’t agree with this. How can you say this?’, because one’s
own idea is so strong fixed in the mind, that one cannot even hear anything. But if one is humble,
then one can think, ‘Yes, I need the mercy.’
So a humble personality is eager to hear and by being eager to hear from superior personalities,
this brings about also a special dynamics that…when people are eager to hear, then the mature
vaisnava who will speak and opens his heart, he will automatically, by the eagerness of the
audience become very enthusiastic and he will find that there are so many realizations in his heart
that he didn’t even know he had! He may say things that he never thought and he himself will be
amazed at what is coming out. Because in the relationship of the vaisnava’s, the mood is very
intimate and close and one of deep friendship- a mood of acceptance.
An envious person cannot accept. Envious person will always find some reason not to accept
others, he’ll always find some quality in someone that’s not allowed, something wrong: ‘you can’t
sit like that, you can’t look like that, you can’t speak like that, people that speak like that-
unacceptable, people that come from a certain place- unacceptable’ and so on and so on. Just on
some external feature, an envious person will reject so many and basically ‘anyone who’s not
supporting me, adoring me, recognising my greatness, such person is undesirable!’
So humility is the quality where one is ready to see good in others and not only see the good in
others but therefore also recognises that everyone can make his contribution and one can
appreciate. So amongst vaisnava’s, there is an atmosphere of appreciation. I like this point. For
example, it is said then, when Sanatana Goswami had been in the Muslim government, he left and
Sanatana Goswami went to Jagannatha Puri. And when Sanatana Goswami came to Jagannatha
Puri, then he met the associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu for the first time. And they were all
seated with Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu on a raised platform and then, Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu was
very happy to see Sanatana Goswami. He had already met him in Varanasi, He had already
instructed him there and He wanted now to introduce him to all the vaisnava’s. So as He began to

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A lecture given by H.H Kadamba Kanana Swami Maharaja- ’04, Canberra, Australia Sri Caitanya Caritamrta- Adi lila.10 So we’re reading a little bit from the Sri Caitanya Caritamrta and we’ve gotten a little of the 10th chapter of the Adi-lila which describes the Caitanya tree. It is said that this Caitanya tree is also known as the Caitanya Kalpataru or the Bhakti Kalpataru, which means it is a wish fulfilling desire tree. And it’s now describing some of the associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu and how these associates are such powerful transcendental personalities. It is said that every single one of the associates of Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu had the power to deliver the entire universe. And what such a thing means would have always been kind of mystic to us if we would not have seen how Srila Prabhupada was- really a person who could deliver the entire universe. Not by some display of great mystic potency but simply by conquering people’s hearts’, by working very hard to extend himself, to give himself completely to Krsna and to all those who somehow or other showed the slightest interest in Krsna consciousness, and even those who are not interested, but especially to those who showed some interest in Krsna consciousness. So here we are coming to the description of Murari Gupta. sri-murari gupta sakha-premera bhandara prabhura hrdaya drave suni dainya yanra Murari Gupta, who was like a major branch of the Caitanya tree, he was a st ...
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