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SCI241 Discussion Questions.

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SCI241 Discussion Questions
WEEK2
DQ1
Two digestive issues that I can think of are gallstones and gastro-esophagus
reflux disorder (GERD). Gallstones are basically solids that form in the
gallbladder. When it comes to gallstones, they can be very painful, and they also
can prevent the gallbladder from functioning properly, in extreme cases.
Medication can be prescribed by a physician that helps the gallstones dissolve;
however, they can come back once the medication is no longer taken. The
gallbladder aids the digestive process, but is sometimes removed if it continues
to cause problems. The best natural way to take care of gallstones is to prevent
them from forming by eating a balanced diet, keeping your body in shape, and
keeping your cholesterol low.
The second problem, GERD, begins when stomach acid backs up into the
esophagus, which causes you to feel burning in the chest and sometimes throat.
Heartburn can come and go, but for some it can be continuous. If you only
experience issues when you eat certain foods then a simple solution is to avoid
those types of foods or use medication, such as Zantac, to prevent heartburn
when you do eat those foods; however, if the heartburn seems continuous then
you can purchase over-the-counter medication or see your physician. Two
medications, Prilosec and Prevacid, were once prescribed for GERD, but are
now available over-the-counter.
DQ2
When I was 10 years old, I ate similar to how I eat today. I have never been a
fan of veggies. It is not really the taste but the texture. A lot of the time my
parents did not have time to cook for us because they both worked, so I used to
eat a lot of fast-food. I try to stay away from fast-food today because of how
unhealthy it is. I really do not have a taste for it anymore either. There is one
place around here called Best Burger that I do eat at once in a while, but rather
than hamburgers and fries I typically have steak and potatoes. I still consume
quite a bit of spaghetti, lasagna, and cheese-bread. I realize that I need to eat
more veggies now that I am older, so I try to consume what I can. I can handle
most of the lighter veggies such as corn, potatoes, carrots, squash, spinach and
lettuce quite easily. The vegetables that bother me are ones such as broccoli,
collard greens, turnips, artichokes, and asparagus. I imagine that 20 years from
now I will be on a more strict diet because of the age that I will be.
As we move through the different stages of life, the body essentially gets to the
point where different levels of vitamins and nutrients are required. The best way
to compensate for this is to do it through modification of our diet. One really easy
nutrient to understand is calcium, which required by our bodies to maintain
healthy skeletal/bone structure. The older we get, the more brittle our bones
become, making it that much more important that we consume food with calcium

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or implement a dietary calcium supplement. This is just one example, but there
are many other changes our bodies go through throughout life. It is always
important to be aware of what nutrients and vitamins your body needs. I also
notice that my body does not burn as many calories as it used to, this is because
my metabolism slows down more and more the older that I get; therefore, it is
always important to monitor the amount of calories that you are taking in because
if you are consuming more calories than your body can burn throughout the day
then those calories are going to be essentially transform into fat retained in the
body. It is also important to make sure you are getting an adequate amount of
antioxidants, depending on one’s age, because antioxidants help to lower the
possibility of heart disease and sometimes even different cancers. Antioxidant
rich fruits and vegetables also strengthen the immune system. Just to name a
few off the top of my head: prunes, raisins, blueberries, and oranges are all
antioxidant rich fruits. Vegetables rich in antioxidants include spinach, beets,
onions, and corn. The best way to consume these vegetables is steamed or raw,
which allows you to get the most nutrients out of the vegetables.
WEEK 4
DQ1
There are so many diets out there that choosing the right one can be very difficult
and confusing. Essentially the most important thing to remember is to include
foods that provide your body with the essential nutrients that are required for a
healthy body. In my opinion, eliminating fats from our diets altogether is not the
best way to go because there are some fats that can be beneficial to some
extent. The better approach would be to cut back on trans and saturated fats.
Foods that contain many fats such as trans and saturated fats are found in
almost everything, but some foods contain more than others. For example, junk
foods such as potato chips and other oil based foods are usually high in both
saturated and trans fat. Getting rid of these bad types of fat from our diet will
decrease the chance of getting diseases such as diabetes, obesity, high
cholesterol, and heart disease.
The good types of fat that should be implemented into our daily diets are
unsaturated fats. Unsaturated fats are found in just about everything as well.
Most foods contain a combination of fats. It just comes down to choosing foods
that are lower in saturated and trans fats, and higher in unsaturated fats. Fatty
acids help regulate the metabolism and also help with the function of the brain.
Proteins are vital to the metabolism, and most people already consume plenty of
protein without even thinking about it. Therefore, increasing the amount of
protein intake is not necessary unless you are a body builder or are involved in
strenuous activities on a daily basis. Some foods that contain protein are poultry,
egg whites, nuts, fish, and some fruits.

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