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Rehabilitation Efforts For Institutional And Community Corrections

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Correctional and rehabilitation facilities play a significant role in crime reduction in any state, one of the
programs used in correction is through education or vocational training and work programs. This has
been sighted to be one of the best well-practiced programs in the US and among many nations across
the world. Such programs have been designed in a manner in which the inmates are taught vocational
skills that will help them secure employment once they have cleared their prison terms. It has been
noted that majority of the criminals were motivated or lured into the illegal practice because of lack of
education that is much needed to secure employment and thus why these measures were taken to
equip the inmates to be able to secure meaningful employment that will get them engaged once they
leave the rehabilitation facilities. Vocational training also helps to shift their perception to observe the
law and avoid consequences that lawbreakers would face once they are caught. Work programs have
been designed for selective inmates where they are allowed to leave the rehabilitation or correctional
confinements to work in public places like schools or in other community facilities, and then report back
after they are done. This program is not available to violent offenders and the inmates are placed under
the mandatory supervised release where they will be under close supervision of their supervisors.
For the mentally ill inmates who need psychiatric assistance, the inmates are counseled or
receive therapy while incarcerated, or given medical prescriptions or taken to a mental hospital
for specialized treatment. Organized recreation facilities have also been availed for juvenile
offenders, drug and alcohol abusers to help them learn and participate in activities that build their

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moral characters. The other program that the government has used to correct cases on drug
related issues is psychological or counseling programs. This program tries to change the causes
of the problems in an offender’s criminality. A third of the state prison offenders and more than
20% of the federal inmates are reported to have been under the influence of drugs at the time of
the offense. In addition, the war on drugs has increased the number of drug-related cases. As a
result, some institutions introduced programs called therapeutic communities where drug addicts
are housed separately. These institutions receive funding from the federal government under the
RSAT program-Residential Substance Abuse Treatment where drug treatment is provided to the
separate unit which in turn will help reduce the offender’s drug use. The facilities also provide
individual and group counseling that is intended to help offenders forfeit their criminal way of
life.

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1 Surname Student’s Name Instructor’s Name Course Date Correctional and rehabilitation facilities play a significant role in crime reduction in any state, one of the programs used in correction is through education or vocational training and work programs. This has been sighted to be one of the best well-practiced programs in the US and among many nations across the world. Such programs have been designed in a manner in which the inmates are taught vocational skills that will help them secure employment once they have cleared their prison terms. It has been noted that majority of the criminals were motivated or lured into the illegal practice because of lack of education that is much needed to secure employment and thus why these measures were taken to equip the inmates to be able to secure meaningful employment that will get them engaged once they leave the rehabilitation facilitie ...
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