Access over 35 million academic & study documents

Types of research and Purposes of Research (another view in order to plan for methodology)

Content type
User Generated
Subject
Statistics
Type
Note
Rating
Showing Page:
1/8
Most of what you have done up until now has been theoretical. Now you need to define the “how” of
your actual research process, and its outcome. You go through some decision-making stages to help you
with this part of your research proposal. On one level, the research process can appear to be relatively
simple - if you carry out the basic steps methodically and carefully, then you should arrive at useful
conclusions. However, the nature of research can be very complex and when you are reading textbooks
on research methodology you will come across many unfamiliar words and terms. We will look, once
again, at types of research and explain some of the terms.
1. Types of research
The main different types of research can be classified by its process, its purpose, and its
outcome.
a. You have already decided on your process. The process of the research can be classified as
qualitative and qualitative.
b. You have also decided on the purpose of your research, based on
its outcome. The purpose of the research can be classified as basic, applied, and practical.
c. Additionally, your purpose can be described in a different way, based on the kinds of
methods that it uses.
The purpose of the research also can be classified as:
o exploratory
o descriptive
o analytical
o predictive.

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Showing Page:
2/8
2. Purposes of
Research (another
view in order to plan
for methodology)
Review these in more detail below. As you review each, consider whether the description fits
the way you envisioned your research investigation. Also consider how the data collection and
data methods are described, and what types of analyses of the data are recommended. This
will help you to make very important decisions for your own study.
Exploratory research This is conducted when there are few or no earlier studies to
which references can be made for information. The aim is to look for patterns, ideas or
hypotheses rather than testing or confirming a hypothesis. In exploratory research the
focus is on gaining insights and familiarity with the subject area for more rigorous
investigation later. It is likely that you will be drawing on previous studies and so pure
exploratory research is not generally appropriate for studies at this level it is more
appropriate for postgraduate research. However, it is possible that you may carry out
an initial survey to establish areas of concern (exploratory research) and then research
these issues in more depth, perhaps through interviews, to provide a deeper
understanding (explanatory research).
Descriptive research This describes phenomena as they exist. It is used to identify and
obtain information on the characteristics of a particular issue. The data collected are
often quantitative, and statistical techniques are usually used to summarize the
information. Descriptive research goes further than exploratory research in examining a
problem since it is undertaken to be certain of and to describe the characteristics of the
issue. A research investigation may include descriptive research, but it is likely that it
will also include one of the following two types (explanatory or predictive) as you are
required in to go beyond description and to explain or predict.
Analytical or explanatory research This is a continuation of descriptive research. The
researcher goes beyond merely describing the characteristics, to analyze and explain
why or how something is happening. Thus, analytical research aims to understand
phenomena by discovering and measuring causal relations among them.
Predictive research Predictive research goes further by forecasting the likelihood of a
similar situation occurring elsewhere. It aims to generalize from the analysis by
predicting certain phenomena on the basis of hypothesized, general relationships.
Predictive research provides ‘how’, ‘why’, and ‘where’ answers to current events as well
as to similar events in the future. It is also helpful in situations where ‘What if?’
questions are being asked.

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
Showing Page:
3/8

Sign up to view the full document!

lock_open Sign Up
End of Preview - Want to read all 8 pages?
Access Now
Unformatted Attachment Preview
Most of what you have done up until now has been theoretical. Now you need to define the “how” of your actual research process, and its outcome. You go through some decision-making stages to help you with this part of your research proposal. On one level, the research process can appear to be relatively simple - if you carry out the basic steps methodically and carefully, then you should arrive at useful conclusions. However, the nature of research can be very complex and when you are reading textbooks on research methodology you will come across many unfamiliar words and terms. We will look, once again, at types of research and explain some of the terms. 1. Types of research The main different types of research can be classified by its process, its purpose, and its outcome. a. You have already decided on your process. The process of the research can be classified as qualitative and qualitative. b. You have also decided on the purpose of your research, based on its outcome. The purpose of the research can be classified as basic, applied, and practical. c. Additionally, your purpose can be described in a different way, based on the kinds of methods that it uses.  The purpose of the research also can be classified as: o exploratory o descriptive o analytical o predictive. 2. Purposes of Research (another view in order to plan for methodology) Review these in more detail below. As you review each, consider whether the description fits the way you envisioned yo ...
Purchase document to see full attachment
User generated content is uploaded by users for the purposes of learning and should be used following Studypool's honor code & terms of service.

Anonymous
Really helped me to better understand my coursework. Super recommended.

Studypool
4.7
Indeed
4.5
Sitejabber
4.4