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Cvd prevalence risk and pathophysiology1

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MNT in Cardiovascular Disease Prevalence and Incidence ◼ ◼ ◼ The United States ranks 14th and 16th, among industrialized nations for the prevalence of CVD in women and men, respectively. More than 61 million Americans have at least one form of CVD (i.e., hypertension, CHD, stroke, rheumatic heart disease, or congestive heart failure). The incidence of CHD is high; an American experiences a coronary event almost every 29 seconds. Leading Causes of Death U.S. 2000 From http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/resources/docs/02_chtbk.pdf; accessed 3-05 Percentage Breakdown of Deaths From Cardiovascular Diseases United States:2002 Preliminary Coronary Heart Disease 13% Stroke 0% 4% Congestive Heart Failure 5% High Blood Pressure 6% 53% Diseases of the Arteries 18% Rheumatic Fever/Rheumatic Heart Disease Congenital Cardiovascular Defects Other Source: CDC/NCHS. Prevalence of Coronary Heart Diseases by Age and Sex Percent of Population NHANES :1999-2002 20 16.8 15 11.6 10.3 11.5 10 6.3 5 0.0 0.3 1.4 3.0 0.2 3.6 1.6 0 20-34 35-44 45-54 55-64 Ages Men Source: CDC/NCHS and NHLBI. Women 65-74 75+ New and Recurrent Attacks Annual Number of Americans Having Diagnosed Heart Attack by Age and Sex ARIC: 1987-2000 500,000 410,000 372,000 400,000 300,000 250,000 200,000 88,000 100,000 34,000 10,000 0 29-44 45-64 65+ Ages Men Women Source: Extrapolated from rates in the NHLBI’s ARIC surveillance study, 1987-2000. These data don’t include silent ...
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