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A details paper on Decision Support System

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Running Head: DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM
Decision Support System
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Institution

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Running Head: DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM
This system involves conducting research and implementing development projects with
which better support for decision makers is obtained. The origin of the system can be traced
during late 1950s by research work of Simon et al. of the Carnegie institute of Technology in
collaboration with Gerrity’s technical work at the MIT, in late 1960s. In decision making, he
composed it into three stages i.e. intelligence, design and decision making. Intelligence process
is involved in the search for problems while design develops alternatives and choice is a process
of analyzing alternatives and the most optimal for implementation.
Intense Research on Decision support system and its applications significantly underwent
evolution between 1970s and 1980s. It has since been embraced at different levels of
organizations including setting up decision makers support unit who address problem structuring,
managing operations, financial control and management, strategic decision making and support
for simulation and optimization. It is due to this increased demand for the systems applications
that led to Keen and Mortons developing a wider behavioral orientation for system analysis.
Complementary decision systems like Enterprise information system (EIS) and group decision
support systems (GDSS) have also been developed to address idea evaluation techniques and
communication facilities that enable teamwork. The need for advancing the old DSS system was
necessitated by factors such as
i) Dynamic business platform and intelligence that was addressed
by information systems, supply chain analysis and customer
relation management.
ii) Shift in technology from database systems to warehouse and
also from mainframe to the client system and adoption of
World Wide Web from single user models.

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