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Free will vs. Determinism

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Running Head: FREE WILL VS. DETERMINISM 1
Free will vs. Determinism
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FREE WILL VS. DETERMINISM 2
Introduction
Free will is the ability of a person to decide and behave independently without any
external influence. In this case decision making is only influenced by the will of a person. The
humanistic approach holds that free will determines human behavior through the life of a
person. On the other hand, determinism is the common believe that human behavior is
determined by past events and external forces. Schnauder (2007) asserts that this phenomenon
holds that human behavior is determined by childhood events and that the free will practiced in
adulthood is illusory. Free will is believed to be a gift from God .Free will is crucial in a society
especially the legal system. Free will helps the jury determine pre-meditation hence free will of
commission of a crime by a person. This is the reason for acquitting incapacitated people from
charges leveled against them. The other aspect is that there is a controversy concerning man’s
pre-determination to act in a particular manner. God is sovereign and supreme hence this view
can be held to be true ( Franklin, 2007). However, a discussion outside a theologian confinement,
will establishment that man has free will and can make personal goals in a bid to attain self-
actualization in life. Philosophy has a correlation to man’s feelings, perceptions, responsibilities
and thought processes. In this regard, man must always understand himself before influencing
the environment around him.
Augustine’s view
Augustine advocates for both free will and determinism as determinants of human behaviour.
This owes to the fact of foreknowledge of god pertaining the fall of man. This compelled
Augustine to devise an empirical hypothesis and biblical defence of free will. He argues that
there is compatibility between free will and the sovereignty of God. Campbell, Rourk, and
Shier (2010) posit that free will for the human beings is subject to the human experiences.

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FREE WILL VS. DETERMINISM 3
According to him, man has free will because an upright man cannot do right things if he or she is
not willing to act rightly.in addition, god’s oracles dictate that man must act out of free will to
obey god.in this regard, god will reward the righteous according to their good deeds and the evil
according to their evil deeds. According to Pereboom (2009), man’s free will and God’s
sovereignty in determinism are interlinked. Augustine argues that disagreement between the
believers and non-believers can be resolved by adherence to the principle of reason. This is
because reason provides sufficient evidence and rationality in the physical world. He believes
that any philosopher of religion should not have a neutral position on the issues bordering
Christianity. According to Westbrook (2012), Christian principles ought to be applied in a
religious controversy. Moreover, theistic belief does not need to be supported by substantial
evidence in order for it to be true. Augustine argues that the traditional views on the existence of
God were not fallacious. In addition, he claims that there are no good and bad theistic arguments
with regard to the sovereignty of God. Lemos (2013) posits that the determinist view guarantees
rationality and objectivity in a religious philosophical work. Augustine does not support this
school of thought. He does not believe that every non-believer has actual knowledge of God.
However, he argues that belief in God is acquired only in specific circumstances. Augustine’s
ecstasy is based on the intellect and neutrality with regard to the determinism and free will and
the Christian apologetic aspect. He has also reservations are based on his skepticism of
determinism proponents and his view that natural theology is superfluous.
Sigmund Freud
According to Freud, individual thought process is usually unconscious .In this regard, he
believes that the behavior of a person is as a result of interaction between the ego and the
superego of a person and the unconscious part of psyche of a person. According to Berofsky

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Free will vs. DeterminismName:Course:Date:IntroductionFree will is the ability of a person to decide and behave independently without any external influence. In this case decision making is only influenced by the will of a person. The humanistic approach holds that free will determines human behavior through the life of a person. On the other hand, determinism is the common believe that human behavior is determined by past events and external forces. Schnauder (2007) asserts that this phenomenon holds that human behavior is determined by childhood events and that the free will practiced in adulthood is illusory. Free will is believed to be a gift from God .Free will is crucial in a society especially the legal system. Free will helps the jury determine pre-meditation hence free will of commission of a crime by a person. This is the reason for acquitting incapacitated people from charges leveled against them. The other aspect is that there is a controversy concerning man's pre-determination to act in a particular manner. God is sovereign and supreme hence this view can be held to be true ( Franklin, 2007). However, a discussion outside a theologian confinement, will establishment that man has free will and can make personal goals in a bid to attain self-actualization in life. Philosophy has a correlation to man's feelings, perceptions, responsibilities and thought processes. In this regard, man must always understand himself before influencing the en ...
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