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1541424937675 Video Summaries

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Psychology
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Cuyamaca College
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The Stanford Prison Experiment by Heroic Imagination TV documentary
D.R. Philip Zimbardo relates the accounts of the famous Stanford Prison Experiment in the
limelight of inhuman acts by United States soldiers in Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. The study
concluded that rational human beings could perpetrate extraordinary acts of dehumanization if
they find themselves in certain situations. In this context, the absolute sense of power and
anonymity is a familiar environment that drove misuse of power over subordinates too far in
both the study and in Abu Ghraib prison.
A, In the short documentary an Army Reservist Ken Davis gives a firsthand account of the
mistreatment and dehumanization acts in Abu Ghraib prison, “ When we got to Abu Ghraib it
was eerie, people (prison guards) were being told to rough up Iraqis that would not cooperate. I
mean they are torturing, they are abusing detainees. You are looking at this situation thinking
they have condoned this but why? And if it had not been for those photos, no one would have
believed what was going on over there!”
B, One of the Stanford prison experiment guards, Dave Eshelman, confirms the resemblance of
photos taken in Abu Ghraib prison to familiar accounts which he perpetrated in the experiment.
“When I first saw the pictures and immediately a sense of familiarity struck me because I knew
that I had been there before, I had been in this type of situation, and I knew it was going on in
my mind.
C, D.r Philip Zimbardo observes that “When we see somebody doing bad things we assume
they are bad people, to begin with. But what we know in our study is there were a set of
psychological variables that can make ordinary people do things they never could imagine
doing.”

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D, Dave Eshelman mentions an interesting psychological variable to signify how anonymity
can drive ordinary people to do evil acts, “When you have mirror sunglasses on, then nobody
can see your eyeballs. I think that anytime you put on what essentially is a mask and you mask
your identity then it allows you to behave in ways that you would not behave if you did not
have the mask on.
The psychology of evil by D.r Philip Zimbardo
In this Ted Talk video, D.r Philip Zimbardo discusses the psychology of evil in pertinence to
the Lucifer effect.
A, D.r Philip’s Lucifer effect focuses on the negative Evil is the exercise of power. And that's
the key: it's about power. To intentionally harm people psychologically, to hurt people
physically, to destroy people mortally, or ideas, and to commit crimes against humanity.
B, In his presentation Zimbardo explains the human’s mind infinite capacity to make
individuals something from who they think they are. It is clear that the effect does not always
lead humanity to act badly since some heroic actions are as a result of this capacity to become
something we are not. “My recent book, ‘The Lucifer Effect,’ is about, how do you understand
how good people turn evil? And it has a lot of detail about what I'm going to talk about
today. So Dr Z's ‘Lucifer Effect,’ although it focuses on evil, really is a celebration of the
human mind's infinite capacity to make any of us kind or cruel, caring or indifferent, creative
or destructive, and it makes some of us villains. And the good news that I'm going to come to
at the end hopefully is that it makes some of us heroes.
C. He goes further to explain the psychology of evil in the realization of the Lucifer’s effect,
So social and psychological research reveals how ordinary, good people can be transformed

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The Stanford Prison Experiment by Heroic Imagination TV documentary D.R. Philip Zimbardo relates the accounts of the famous Stanford Prison Experiment in the limelight of inhuman acts by United States soldiers in Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. The study concluded that rational human beings could perpetrate extraordinary acts of dehumanization if they find themselves in certain situations. In this context, the absolute sense of power and anonymity is a familiar environment that drove misuse of power over subordinates too far in both the study and in Abu Ghraib prison. A, In the short documentary an Army Reservist Ken Davis gives a firsthand account of the mistreatment and dehumanization acts in Abu Ghraib prison, “ When we got to Abu Ghraib it was eerie, people (prison guards) were being told to rough up Iraqis that would not cooperate. I mean they are torturing, they are abusing detainees. ...
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